VETO 2011, FARSIDE team tossups
"If I live to be as old as Sibylla", she says to her waiting-maid
"I will die as
chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the manner
of my father's will."
So she says
"Thus hath the candle singed the moth" on the exit of the
Prince of Arragon,
and "Let all of his complexion choose me so"
on the exit of the Prince of Morocco.
But she marries Bassanio, who passes the test.
For 10 points, what Belmont
heiress discourses on "the quality of mercy"
disguised as Balthasar, a male doctor of the law, thus saving the life of
her husband's friend Antonio
in The Merchant of Venice?
The red feather belts of the Santa Cruz Islanders may be an example of
this in a pre-literate society, but the first to be instituted
by a government was under the twelfth-century
Northern Song dynasty of China, with its jiaozi.
In 1720, France's eight-month-long experiment with it ended with the fleeing
of its initiator, John Law, amid national economic collapse.
Canada first started using it in 1914 when the gold standard was suspended.
For 10 points, name this type of currency that is not backed by any
commodity and has value only because a government says so.
Answer: FIAT money or currency
George Lyon was the last person to
win an individual Olympic gold medal in this event,
and therefore holds the longest unbroken record for a Canadian
reigning champion, going back to Saint Louis in 1904.
A holder of national records in pole vault and cricket,
Lyon was forty-six years old
when he won the Olympic medal in this sport that he began
playing at age thirty-seven, and had what observers called a
For 10 points, what is this game that was last played in the Olympics
at Missouri's Glen Echo Country Club?
According to the Puranas, Brahma was born from one of these that
grew out of Vishnu's navel.
Arjuna likens Krishna's eyes to them
in the Bhagavad-Gita, which in another passage says man should be
unaffected by sin just as the leaves of these are untouched by water.
The goddess Lakshmi is usually depicted sitting on one and holding
them in her hands, and
the most popular Buddhist mantra praises the jewel in it.
For 10 points, what is this flower that names the Buddha's
"greatest of all sutras" and also a cross-legged position in yoga?
Answer: LOTUS flowers (accept PADMA)
Their four suborders are
the rare but ancient Archostemata;
Myxophaga, which feed on algae;
Adephaga, which are mostly predators and have hind coxae
completely dividing the first visible abdominal sternum;
and Polyphaga, the largest suborder, including
the species Dendroctonus ponderosae which has devastated
pine forests, and the cotton-destroying boll weevil.
elytra ["EL-it-ra"], their hard forewings,
for 10 points, name this most diverse of all orders of insects.
(accept COLEOPTERA, but say "Yes, beetles")
On June 16, 2011, its education minister, Patrick Rouble, became the first
member of its government to announce plans not to seek re-election this
year, leaving open the riding of Southern Lakes. Five days earlier, a cabinet
shuffle had kept all members in their same posts except for the top job, where
a convicted former seller of tobacco to minors replaced
a convicted former heroin trafficker.
Darrell Pasloski has replaced Dennis Fentie of Watson
Lake as premier of, for 10 points, what free-enterprise-loving
Answer: the YUKON
Julius Caesar massacred twenty thousand of this city's inhabitants
for supporting the sons of Pompey, but under Augustus it became prominent
as capital of the Roman province of Baetica. After it fell to the
Visigoths and then to the Umayyads, in 756 Abd-ar-Rahman the First
made it the capital of an independent emirate. It was Europe's
largest city in 929 when Abd-ar-Rahman the Third proclaimed himself
caliph. For 10 points, name this Spanish city that was
the birthplace of 12th-century philosophers
Averroes ["a-ver-ROE-es"] and Maimonides ["my-MON-id-ees"].
Answer: CORDOBA, Spain
Mr. Waldo catches them in
Dylan Thomas's Under Milk Wood;
Lennie Small's great ambition in life is to tend them in
John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men;
Elwood P. Dowd's closest friend is a six-and-a-half-foot tall one of these
in Mary Chase's play Harvey.
It's a nickname given to Brewer, Pennsylvania, high-school basketball star
Harry Angstrom in a series of novels by John Updike.
For 10 points, these are all what type of mammal along with
Silver, Blackberry, Fiver and Hazel in Richard Adams's
The earliest citation of this term is from the
Wagga Wagga Advertiser of April 17, 1869,
reporting that "grass will be abundant" here after recent rains, and
"travelling sheep will have comfortable quarters all the way down the
river", referring to the
Murrumbidgee, a tributary of the Murray River.
A region of six million square kilometres, two cities claim to
be its "capital": Broken Hill and Alice Springs. For 10 points, name
this dry, sparsely populated region covering most of Australia.
Answer: the OUTBACK
Its Presidents Club Lounges
with complimentary alcoholic drinks
will be phased out, but the blue carpet will remain in its
priority lanes even though
the end of 2011 will mark the end of its OnePass program.
Its chairman, Jeff Smisek ["SMY-sek"], becomes head of a
merged company, with a logo that retains its blue globe.
For 10 points, name this airline with hubs at Guam, Cleveland, Newark
and Houston, that in 2010 was
acquired by United.
Answer: CONTINENTAL airlines
With its main ceremonial centre at Cahuachi ["cow-a-CHEE"],
this civilization flourished from 200 B.C. to 600 A.D.
It left behind a lot of polychrome pottery, painted in eleven different
colours, and an underground system of aqueducts called
puquios ["poo-KEE-ohs"], which are still used today to
transport water near the arid southern coast of Peru.
For 10 points, what is this culture that also etched
large geoglyphs into the desert plain,
depicting animals, plants, geometric figures,
and long straight lines?
Answer: NAZCA culture
They form either
when very weak, upward vertical air currents lift a thin layer of
air high enough to initiate condensation, or
when a layer of air is cooled from below to its dew
point and water vapor condenses into liquid droplets.
Precipitation from them is rare, except as drizzle.
They can cover the entire sky, and resemble fog that doesn't reach the
Generally occurring only below two thousand metres,
for 10 points, what are these low clouds that form
flat, grey, horizontal layers?
Answer: STRATUS clouds
(prompt for "more specific" on "CLOUD"s)
A "Modern Sequel" to this story
introduces Motherth, a Buddha type, and an
African fisherman Jesus type, in
twenty-four rhapsodies by Nikos Kazantzakis.
In Dante's alternative ending to it
in the twenty-sixth canto of the Inferno,
the main characters
come in sight of the Mount of Purgatory and are destroyed by a
Margaret Atwood tells the story from the wife's
point of view, with the husband getting into a fight over a bar
bill with a one-eyed tavern keeper and saying it was a giant cyclops.
For 10 points, The Penelopiad is based on what epic?
Answer: the ODYSSEY (or ODYSSEIA)
Reid Park, in the midtown area, is this city's largest park, and
includes Hi Corbett Field.
Overlooked by the Santa Catalina Mountains
and located on the Santa Cruz River, which is dry most of the year,
this Pima County seat is the centre of the
"Optics Valley" with technology companies
Mount Graham, Fred Whipple, and Kitt Peak Observatories.
Located ninety-eight kilometres north of the Mexican border,
this second-largest city in its state is,
for 10 points, what home of the University of Arizona?
Answer: TUCSON, Arizona
Released from his Jesuit vows for his own admitted "moral weakness",
in 1667 he obtained a land grant in New France that became known as La
Chine because of his ambition to reach China. Gaining the support of
Governor Frontenac, he oversaw the building of Fort Frontenac, then
received a noble title in France before returning to
establish trading posts on the Great Lakes.
For 10 points, name this explorer who then
followed the Mississippi River to its mouth and claimed its entire
drainage basin for King Louis the Fourteenth.
Answer: Sieur de LASALLE
(or René-Robert CAVELIER)
This organization had its inaugural meeting in December, 1999,
in Berlin, Germany, hosted by Hans Eichel and chaired by Paul Martin.
In November, 2008, in Washington, D.C., it held its first summit for
heads of state and government,
in response to the global financial crisis.
In June 2010 its Leaders Summit was infamous for a
billion-dollar price tag and the media centre's "fake lake" in Toronto.
For 10 points, name this organization of countries with
two thirds of the world's people and four fifths of
Answer: the G20 (or the Group of
Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors)
It is a close binary system in which the primary star is a
white dwarf and its companion is either a main sequence or red giant star.
It can occur in one of three types: classical, recurrent, and dwarf.
When the secondary star expands to fill its Roche lobe,
matter accretes to a disk around the white dwarf, resulting in a
thermonuclear explosion displaying a peak absolute magnitude between
negative five and negative nine.
For 10 points, what is this kind of
that dims after a period of days to months?
(do not accept SUPERNOVA, which is different)
"Of its own accord it produces grain and grapes, and apple trees grow
in its woods from the close-clipped grass. The ground of its own
accord produces everything instead of merely grass, and people live
there a hundred years or more", according to Geoffrey of Monmouth's
Life of Merlin.
For 10 points, name this "fortunate isle" ruled by nine sisters
including Morgan Le Fay, who, after the Battle of Camlann,
apply their healing arts to King Arthur.
Its lobby is decorated with red Moroccan marble walls, sienna-coloured
floor, and a ceiling mural, measuring twenty-three by thirty metres,
painted by Edward Trumbull and
entitled "Transport and Human Endeavor".
Located on Lexington Avenue at Forty-Second Street, it was
designed by William van Alen
and completed in 1930, one year before the Empire State Building.
For 10 points, what Art Deco Manhattan skyscraper
with a distinctive steel terraced crown was briefly the tallest
building in the world?
Answer: CHRYSLER building
Designed by William Reed, they were known at first as
"Smith's Dock Patrol Vessels, Whaler Type".
Because they cost only five to six hundred thousand dollars to build,
they were dubbed "cheap and nasties" by Winston Churchill.
The only surviving one is the HMCS Sackville, moored in Halifax as a
The Royal Canadian Navy deployed
twelve of the later Castle class, and one hundred and eleven of the
Smaller than frigates,
for 10 points, name these trans-Atlantic
convoy escort ships in World War Two.
To isolate one gram of this substance,
start with eighty-eight kilograms of air.
Cool it to below the boiling point of nitrogen,
let the remaining unliquefied air be adsorbed by activated
charcoal, then get rid of the hydrogen. What's left is the universe's
fifth most abundant element, commoner than iron and nitrogen but rarer
than hydrogen, helium, oxygen, and carbon. In our atmosphere, it's one
five-hundredth as abundant as argon. For 10 points, name this noble gas
that emits red-orange light when electricity passes through it.
According to the writer Longus, the god Pan loved her, and
when she rejected him, Pan got some shepherds to tear her to pieces.
According to Ovid's Metamorphoses, she would distract Hera with
her conversation while Zeus was having extramarital affairs, and Hera
punished her by making her unable to say anything original. For 10
points, name this mountain nymph whose unrequited love for
Narcissus made her fade away until all that remained of her
was her voice, which could only repeat what others said.
Frédéric Chopin's opus twenty-eight consists of a series of twenty-four of
written in all of the major and minor keys, a pattern also followed
by J.S. Bach, who followed up each one with a fugue
in his Well-Tempered Clavier.
Claude Debussy also wrote twenty-four of them for solo piano, but is
best known for a separate one inspired by a poem by Mallarmé,
"the Afternoon of a Faun".
For 10 points, what is this kind of composition that is ausually an
introduction to another, larger piece?
It flows eastward from the Valdai Hills, and is joined by
its major tributaries, the Oka, the Sura, and then the Kama,
after which this river flows
southward, except for a hairpin bend to the east at
Samara. Its course falls below sea level through the Caspian
lowland, before entering the Caspian Sea through a wide delta
that includes the city of
Astrakhan. Europe's longest river, passing through Tver, Kazan,
and Nizhny Novgorod, for ten points, what is this
"mother" river of Russia?
Answer: VOLGA River
Vancouver Estival Trivia Open, 2011, FARSIDE team