VETO XII: 17 July 2010
Questions by Zarya Cynader and Rebecca Cynader

TOSSUPS

1. The US Navy destroyer named for this individual was, after the USS Higbee, the second vessel, and the only one still in active service, to be named for a female Naval officer. Commissioned a lieutenant j.g. in 1944, she retired in 1986 a Rear Admiral. Her notebook for September 9th, 1947 features a moth captured under adhesive tape, with the annotation "First actual case of bug being found" -- widely, though erroneously, considered the first use of "bug" to denote a computer glitch. Developer of the first compiler for a programming language and creator of the initial specifications for COBOL, this is, for ten points, what computing pioneer nicknamed "Amazing Grace"?
ANSWER: Grace Murray Hopper

2. The body of water sometimes known as the "Sea" of this is more commonly given another name, derived from the local word for "harp", after the shape of the lake. That lake is both the largest body of fresh water in its country and the lowest-lying such body in the world, and forms part of the traditional eastern boundary of this region; today its northern boundary is the border with Lebanon, and its modern capital is at Safed. With a name literally meaning "the province", it was one of three divisions of the Roman client kingdom ruled by Herod, along with Samaria and Judaea proper. For ten points, identify this region, home to an eponymous "Sea" and the town of Nazareth.
ANSWER: Galilee

3. Kevin Spacey sings the traditional version on a 2004 film soundtrack, while Nick Cave's 1995 recording, which appears on September Songs, features an alternate translation. The composer's wife recorded a version of this song in 1955, and her name appears in subsequent, more famous recordings. A 1960 performance in Berlin, featuring several verses improvised by a singer who had forgotten the lyrics, ultimately led to a Grammy for that singer, Ella Fitzgerald. Popularized by Louis Armstrong and Bobby Darin, with original German lyrics by Bertolt Brecht and music by Kurt Weill, this is, for ten points, what eponymous song from The Threepenny Opera?
ANSWER: Mack the Knife [accept "The Ballad of Mack the Knife"; "Mackie Messer"; "Die Moritat von Mackie Messer"]

4. Along with "His Last Bow", a story whose title includes this man's name is one of only two Sherlock Holmes stories written in the third person. Although he does not appear as a character in that story, he does feature as an antagonist in Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragalonne, the second and third of the D'Artagnan Romances. The time period portrayed in those novels coincides with a pair of historical revolts directed at him; these civil uprisings were named for the mobs' weapon of choice, a sling or "fronde". Uncle of the five Mancini sisters, protégé of and successor to Cardinal Richelieu, identify, for ten points, this Italian-born Chief Minister of Louis XIV.
ANSWER: Jules, Cardinal Mazarin [accept Giulio Raimondo Mazarino]

5. His younger brother appears briefly in the work with which this character is associated, and he likewise appears as an incidental character in a novel focussed on that brother, Sean. Huey Lewis and the News, Whitney Houston, and Genesis are each the subject of an in-depth analysis in the first-person narrative of the novel he features in. Fond of The Patty Winters Show, the original British cast recording of Les Miserables, J&B whiskey, designer clothing, blonde "hardbodies", rape, dismemberment, and necrophilia; reportedly based on the author's own father, and played by Christian Bale in a 2000 film adaptation, this is, for ten points, what protagonist of Bret Easton Ellis' 1991 novel, American Psycho?
ANSWER: Patrick Bateman [accept either name]

6. Adding clavulanic acid to an antibiotic treatment can often help overcome bacterial resistance by inhibiting destruction of a particular type of this structure. Another type is industrially produced by the Beckmann rearrangement of a cyclohexanone-derived oxime; the product of this rearrangement undergoes ring-opening polymerization to form Nylon 6. In addition to the four- and seven-membered varieties mentioned thus far, five- and six-membered rings are common, and are given the designations "gamma-" and "delta-" respectively. For ten points, identify this functional group, whose "beta-" form is the namesake of a family of antibiotics, the cyclic form of an amide.
ANSWER: lactam [PROMPT on "amide" before cyclohexanone is mentioned; do NOT prompt on or accept "lactone"]

7. Its namesake had, with Charlotte Small, the longest known pre-Confederation marriage in Canada, lasting 58 years. Although he was, in 1811, the first European to navigate the length of the Columbia River, that namesake never actually explored this body of water. It was instead named by a fellow explorer, after whom the first man named the larger feature into which this river flows near Lytton. Identify, for ten points, the river whose tributaries include the Clearwater and the Nicola, the namesake of a British Columbia university and the principal tributary of the Fraser River.
ANSWER: Thompson River

8. An indictable offence under s. 293 of the Criminal Code of Canada and a felony in 40 American states, it was, with slavery, one of the "twin relics of barbarism" condemned by John C. Frémont in his 1856 campaign for the presidency. Philip I of Hesse received permission from Martin Luther to commit it, and Krishna used it to save the honour of 16,100 maidens held captive by a demon. Practiced by Denobulans and Bolians on Star Trek and, in a "line" form, in The Moon is a Harsh Mistress and other novels of Robert Heinlein, Biblical precedent has led some modern Christians, particularly in Africa, to endorse it. For ten points, identify this form of conjugal relationship, the practice of marriage to multiple spouses.
ANSWER: polygamy

9. Her musical and film careers were both launched in 1984, the former with the single "Lemon Incest", which she recorded with her father. Subsequent films have included a 1993 adaptation of Ian McEwan's novel The Cement Garden and a starring role as Jane Eyre opposite William Hurt's Mr. Rochester. She contributed a version of "Just Like a Woman" to the soundtrack of a 2007 film in which she played the French wife of Heath Ledger's character; a head injury that same year inspired the title of her 2009 album, twelve of whose songs were written by Beck, who accompanies this artist on the album's lead single, "Heaven Can Wait". Identify, for ten points, this Anglo-French actress and singer, daughter of composer and filmmaker Serge.
ANSWER: Charlotte Gainsbourg

10. Accounts of his origins differ, with official sources citing an English birthplace, but Verena Bartsch indicates that he actually spent his early life in Tuscany; he later received honorary Spanish citizenship, though he has spent most of his life in another European country. Bartsch also estimates his age at two or three years under the official figure, which would significantly rule out the possibility of involvement in an earlier, less distinguished campaign. Irrespective of his earlier record, a string of undisputed successes has secured both world fame and a comfortable retirement. An endorsement of "Team Jacob" features among the recent predictions of, for ten points, what prognosticating cephalopod?
ANSWER: Paul [accept "Paul the Octopus" and similar equivalents]

11. The work in which this character appears opens at McConnell's Landing, where the protagonist's nearest neighbours are modern pioneer-aspirants Maudie and A-Okay Smith, and where she is struggling simultaneously with the composition of her latest novel and the challenge of her daughter's growing independence. The narrative shifts back and forth between this setting and that of her younger life with Prin and Christie Logan in Manawaka, where she first encountered "Skinner" Tonnerre, the father of her daughter Pique. Identify, for ten points, this protagonist of the 1974 winner of the Governor General's Award for Fiction, Margaret Laurence's last novel, The Diviners.
ANSWER: Morag Gunn [accept either name]


12. Its namesake became a professor at Cornell at age 28 despite not having a graduate degree; a few years later he took some time off to develop a rocket ship powered by exploding atomic bombs. Its most popular representation, like the one which appears in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Relics" and on which Montgomery Scott has been trapped in a transporter buffer for 75 years, depicts a solid, continuous structure. A more accurate model would involve a "swarm" of satellites or statites, and successfully constructing one would qualify a civilization for Type II status on the Kardashev Scale. For ten points, identify this theoretical structure designed to capture the entire energy output of a single star.
ANSWER: Dyson sphere [accept "Dyson swarm" or "Dyson shell"]

13. Literary representations include Bazarov in Fathers and Sons, and the titular character in Pushkin¹s Eugene Onegin. Pushkin himself has been described as a real-world example, as has philosopher Peter Chaadaev. Linked to nihilism, this concept of personality was prominent in 19th Century Russia, though there was a similar corresponding concept in France known as the Flaneur. Tormented by internal thoughts and a sense of standing outside society and looking down on those inside it, he is almost exclusively well-educated and very wealthy. A man whose only problem is that he has nothing to do, and who spends his life perfecting social skills while plagued by a feeling of emptiness and pointlessness describes, for ten points, what archetype of Russian social philosophy, who might feel redundant in contemporary society?
ANSWER: The Superfluous Man

14. A member of the Harvard University Sports Hall of Fame, his captaincy of the varsity hockey team inspired a minor character in Erich Segal's 1970 novel, Love Story. Moderator of televised leaders' debates in 1979 and 1984, he has chaired multiple commissions and inquiries at the federal and the provincial level, and drafted the terms of reference for the recently-concluded Oliphant Commission into the Mulroney-Schreiber "Airbus affair". Stints as dean of the UWO Faculty of Law and as Principal of McGill preceded his current position as President of the University of Waterloo. Identify, for ten points, the scholar and statesman who will, on October 1st, 2010, succeed Michaëlle Jean as Governor General of Canada.
ANSWER: David Lloyd Johnston

15. The protagonist's twin brothers Grover Cleveland and Benjamin Harrison, whose deaths bracket his adolescence, are named for the author's own brothers, as is the fiery patriarch "W.O."; other family members and residents of Altamont, though renamed, are such obvious portraits that many in the author's North Carolina hometown would not speak to him after this work was published. A sequel, Of Time and the River, follows autobiographical protagonist Eugene Gant through his years at Harvard, in New York and in Europe. Subtitled "A Story of the Buried Life", a restored edition of the original manuscript was published in 2000 under the title O Lost. Identify, for ten points, this autobiographical 1929 novel, the magnum opus of Thomas Wolfe.
ANSWER: Look Homeward, Angel

16. Excess stock of an electric blue alcoholic energy drink called Rev led bartenders at the T-Room to develop a drink by this name; it consists of a shot of Jägermeister dropped into a glass of Rev. The City of Boston's official Christmas tree is donated annually as a mark of gratitude for the Boston Red Cross's assistance during this event; the Stella Maris is credited with a heroic attempt to avert it, and the lifesaving actions of train dispatcher Vince Coleman are memorialized in a "Heritage Minute". Resulting in over 2,000 deaths, a 2-km-high fireball, a 60-ft tsunami, and the destruction of countless buildings including the Royal Naval College, identify, for ten points, this consequence of the December 6th, 1917 collision of the Imo and the Mont Blanc, still the largest accidental explosion in history.
ANSWER: Halifax Explosion [accept reasonable equivalents]

17. The central figure holds a fan in her left hand and is dressed severely, in black with white trim. A man leans far out of his seat to get a better look at the woman, who pays him no attention; her gaze is directed away from both the male onlooker and the viewer. The painting emphasizes fin-de-siecle challenges to traditional gender roles by co-opting the male gaze and redirecting the female gaze away from the man and toward an object of her own interest. The artist is known for her friendship with Edgar Degas, and her focus on depictions of the social and private lives of women. For ten points, name this 1878 painting by Mary Cassatt, which depicts a woman out for an evening of upper-class entertainment.
ANSWER: At The Opera

18. First published while its author was in prison, this novel was overlooked by censors who believed it was so terribly written that no one would care about its revolutionary undertones. Rachmetov, a secretive and ascetic man who engages in tests of self-will including sleeping on a bed of nails, is thought by some readers to be a representation of the ideal revolutionary, but the book never actually goes into detail about what its author believes the revolution will look like. Vera Pavlovna creates a seamstress commune and espouses rational egoism in, for ten points, what 1863 novel by Nikolai Chernyshevskii?
ANSWER: What is to Be Done?

19. Containing a greenhouse, a library with a swimming pool, an attic, a multi-levelled wardrobe and a console room which is ideally, though rarely, staffed by six individuals, it has also been seen to accept instructions via DVD. It originally came with an instruction manual, but its usual operator -- who also failed the required piloting test -- threw the manual into a supernova. Powered by an artificial black hole known as the Eye of Harmony, the Type 40 model most frequently seen has possessed its familiar form since 1963, thanks to a malfunctioning chameleon circuit. For ten points, identify this space- and time-travelling device, which is bigger on the inside and permanently locked into the shape of a blue police box.
ANSWER: TARDIS [or Time and Relative Dimensions in Space]

20. "Ferret", "weasel", "cricket" and "chameleon" in Leviticus; "almond" and "pistachio", the only two nuts named in the Bible, in Genesis; 478 words in Acts and 313 in the Gospel of Luke, "autoguos" in Hesiod, "nortelrye" in Chaucer, and an average of one every 9.4 verses of the Iliad. "Pulpit" in Julius Caesar, "moon calf" in The Tempest, and "hovel" in King Lear do not, strictly speaking, qualify, although none of those words appears in any of Shakespeare's other plays, but "honorificabilitudinitatibus" does. Identify, for ten points, this term for a word which appears only once in a given text or corpus, Greek for "said once".
ANSWER: hapax legomenon

21. In some first grade textbooks in her country, the word "mommy" in the phrase "mommy loves me" was replaced with her name. The media portrayed her as a paragon of virtue, and her eponymous charitable foundation and working class background garnered her husband much political support. She demonstrated her business savvy both in her foundation and in her purchase and operation of the newspaper Democracia. Although she did not hold office, this woman may now be more famous than her husband due to her portrayal in theatre and film. FTP, name this wife of an Argentinean President.
ANSWER: María Eva Duarte de Perón [PROMPT on Perón; accept Evita]

22. A small-time, small-town prostitute in Suspicious River, and an upscale escort in The Center of the World. An uncredited punk rocker in Hard Core Logo. Birth mother to Ellen Page's character in Marion BridgeA rabbi on two episodes of Six Feet Under. Love interest of Peter Outerbridge in a film where she plays a necrophiliac, Kissed, and of Paul Gross in Men With Brooms. A housewife who explores an open marriage with her husband, played by Jack Davenport, in the short-lived 2008 TV series Swingtown. For ten points, these are all roles played by what Maple Ridge-born actress, perhaps best known for her performance as Alma Garret in Deadwood?
ANSWER: Molly Parker

23. This man lost his religious faith in 1930, following the death of Christopher Morcom, a fellow student at Sherborne School.  While at King's College, Cambridge, he distinguished himself with his work on the central limit theorem, but he is better known for his work on Hilbert's Entscheidungsproblem, or decision problem. In his landmark paper on the subject, "On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem", he proposes a thesis about "a-machines" which is closely related to one by Alonzo Church--namely, that all functions which are calculable, or computable, are calculable by an "a-machine".  FTP, name this man, who probably killed himself with some cyanide in an apple after being charged with gross indecency.
ANSWER: Alan Mathison 
Turing

24. Not to be confused with a benevolent race of aliens depicted in the Stargate television series, this heavily secured area on the far side of the Rainbow Bridge is impossible for most people to enter, though some heroes pass through on their way to a more final destination. Thrudheim, Gladsheim and the Well of Urd are all famous locations within this place, but the events that occur inside it are secret, as is the exact location. With halls built to withstand an onslaught of giants, for ten points, name this stronghold of the Norse Gods.
ANSWER: Asgard