VETO 2010, FARSIDE team bonuses


BONUS 1
Auditory bonus: Omit if no working audio.
I'll play you an excerpt from the beginning of a musical work, though not played on its usual instruments. After you hear it, name the work for 10 points.

A. [[ Click here to play bonus1.mp3 ]]

Answer:  AIR on the G String
(or AIR auf der G-Saite, BWV 1038)

B. For 10 more points, who composed the air on the G string?

Answer:  Johann Sebastian BACH
(prompt on just "Bach": need at least "J.S.")

C. You heard the air played by Chuck Daellenbach on tuba, Keith Dyrda on trombone, Jeff Nelsen on horn, and Brandon Ridenour and Chris Coletti on trumpet. For 10 points, name this Toronto-based ensemble.

Answer:  The CANADIAN BRASS


BONUS 2
[[ Click bonus2.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING CURLERS ]]
You've just been handed a page showing pictures of three curlers at the Vancouver Olympics, where each one threw last rocks for her team. I'll give you 15 seconds to name all three. After you do that, for the answers you miss, I'll tell you their names and then give you 5 points each if you tell me the countries they represent.

Answers (for 10 points each):
A. Madeleine DUPONT
B. Cheryl BERNARD
C. Mirjam OTT (Do not accept Shaun White)

(Now list which of A, B, C the players missed, and ask them to name the countries.)

Answers (for 5 points each):
A. DENMARK
B. CANADA
C. SWITZERLAND (or SWISS CONFEDERATION)

(Note to host: In case it isn't clear, the players get two chances for each curler: 10 points if they get her name, and then only if they don't get her name are they asked to name her country for 5 points.)


BONUS 3
[[ Click bonus3.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING MAP OF SOUTHEAST ASIA ]]
You've just been handed a satellite view of Southeast Asia. Outlined in white are four bodies of water, called a Bay, a Gulf, and two Seas, not necessarily in that order. For 5 points for one, 10 for two, 20 for three, or 30 for all four, name them. You have 20 seconds.

Answers:
A. BAY OF BENGAL
B. ANDAMAN SEA
C. GULF OF TONKIN (or TONKIN GULF)
D. SOUTH CHINA SEA


BONUS 4
[[ Click bonus4.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING TEXT OF TREATY ]]
You've just been handed the beginning of a treaty of peace between the United States and Spain. I'll give you twenty seconds to look it over and then tell me, for 10 points each, the three things that are covered up: "A" is a year, "B" is a city, and "C" is an island.

Answers:
A. 1898
B. PARIS, France
C. GUAM


BONUS 5
[[ Click bonus5.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING CURVES ON DIAGRAM ]]
You've just been handed a pressure-volume diagram of a Carnot ["car-NO"] cycle for a gas, between temperatures of two hundred kelvin and three hundred kelvin, which are shown as isotherms here. For 10 points per answer:

A. Of the four parts of the cycle, A to B, B to C, C to D, and D to A, in which part is heat transferred to the gas?

Answer:  A TO B

B. Within one per cent, what is the efficiency of the Carnot cycle shown here? I'll give you ten seconds to calculate it.

Answer:  1/3 or 33 and 1/3 %
(accept any number within range 32 and 1/3 % to 34 and 1/3 %)
(Carnot efficiency is the ratio of temperature difference to high temperature)

C. The shape of the paths B to C and D to A depends on the ratio of specific heats, also known as the adiabatic index of the gas. The example shown is for an ideal monatomic gas. What is its adiabatic index, within one per cent?

Answer:  1 and 2/3 or 5/3
(accept any number within range 1.65 to 1.683333)


BONUS 6
[[ Click bonus6.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING POEM ]]
You've just been handed the last stanza of a poem written in the year 1819. For 10 points per answer:

A. What is the poem's title? I'll give you 15 seconds to look at the poem before you answer.

Answer:  ODE TO THE WEST WIND

B. Who wrote "Ode to the West Wind"?

Answer:  Percy Bysshe SHELLEY

C. Each stanza of this poem is in what poetic form that was first used in Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy?

Answer:  TERZA RIMA


BONUS 7
[[ Click bonus7.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING SELECTIONS FROM TRAVEL GUIDES ]]]
You've just been handed a page showing excerpts from three separate travel guidebooks to Canada, from three well-known travel book publishers. Name those three travel book series, for 10 points each. You have 30 seconds.

Answers:
A. MICHELIN Green Guides
B. LONELY PLANET
C. The ROUGH GUIDE


BONUS 8
[[ Click bonus8.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING INDIAN PAINTING ]]
You've just been handed a copy of a painting from Rajasthan, India, showing a Hindu god, goddess, and winged creature. Name them, for 10 points each, by the letter labels attached. You have fifteen seconds.

Answers:
A. VISHNU (or NARAYANA)
B. Sri LAKSHMI
C. the GARUDA


BONUS 9
[[ Click bonus9.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING OLD GUY ]]
You've just been handed a picture of a watercolour etching made in the year 1794. For 10 points per answer:

A. Give this work's title, which is taken from the biblical book of Daniel.

Answer:  The ANCIENT OF DAYS

B. Name the English artist who painted it.

Answer:  William BLAKE

C. The figure here actually represents what character in Blake's own mythology who, in his creation of the universe, "formed golden compasses, And began to explore the Abyss"?

Answer:  URIZEN


BONUS 10
[[ Click bonus10.pdf or HAND OUT PAGE SHOWING MAP WITH PART OF CANADA ]]
You've just been handed a satellite view including part of Canada. For 10 points per answer:

A. Name the lake indicated with the white outline.

Answer:  Lake WINNIPEG

B. The city of Winnipeg is fifty kilometres south of Lake Winnipeg. Name the largest town on Lake Winnipeg, which is shown with the arrow from letter "B", and was incorporated as a Manitoba municipality in 1887, replacing a separate status as a Colony directly responsible to the federal government.

Answer:  GIMLI, Manitoba

C. Manitoba's biggest city north of Winnipeg is the mining town marked with an arrow from "C" on the map, incorporated in 1967 and named after the chairman of Inco Limited. Name it.

Answer:  THOMPSON, Manitoba


BONUS 11
Name these political parties that took part in the U.K. general election of May 6, 2010. Ten points each.

A. This party won fifty-seven seats in Parliament, the third largest number, and has formed a coalition government with the Conservative party.

Answer:  LIBERAL DEMOCRATs

B. Early speculation that the Liberal Democrats might form a working majority with the Labour Party depended on the fact that this other party's MPs always refuse to take their seats in London. Five members were elected, from Newry & Armagh, Fermanagh & South Tyrone, West Tyrone, Mid-Ulster, and Belfast West.

Answer:  SINN FEIN ["shin fane"]

C. This party's pledges included "Make it illegal for super heroes to use their powers for evil" and "Ban all terrorists from having beards as they look scary." Founded by Screaming Lord Sutch in 1963, its current leader, Howling Laud Hope, got two hundred and thirty-four votes running directly against David Cameron.

Answer:  Official Monster Raving LOONY William Hill Party


BONUS 12
How much do you know about cement?

A. By weight, the majority of cement consists of oxides of what two elements, for five points each?

Answers:  CALCIUM
and SILICON

B. For 10 points, concrete is most commonly made from what particular type of hydraulic cement made by heating a limestone and clay mixture in a kiln and pulverizing the resulting material?

Answer:  PORTLAND cement

C. For 10 more points, what foreign-owned company produces thirty-five per cent of the cement made in Canada, more than twice as much as its nearest rival?

Answer:  LAFARGE Canada Incorporated


BONUS 13
How much do you know about the diplomatic history of the Republic of China, also known as Chinese Taipei, or Taiwan? Ten points per answer:

A. The ROC was a permanent member of the UN Security Council until 1971, but used its veto only once, in 1955. This was to block entry into the UN of what other country -- the size of B.C. and Alberta combined -- that was claimed by the ROC as part of its own?

Answer:  MONGOLIAn People's Republic
(accept OUTER MONGOLIA)

B. The ROC still claims sovereignty over the region of Tannu Uriankhai, which was independent from 1921 to 1944 and is now what republic of the Russian Federation?

Answer:  Republic of TUVA

C. The ROC has official diplomatic relations with only 23 other countries, and it's the only country with an embassy on what now-impoverished Pacific island nation that had the world's highest per-capita income upon independence in 1968?

Answer:  Republic of NAURU


BONUS 14
Name these assassins of Julius Caesar, according to Plutarch and Shakespeare. Ten points each. Their names all begin with the same letter.

A. Though Brutus was recognized as leader of the conspiracy, this brother-in-law of Brutus did most of the recruiting. Shakespeare has Caesar worrying about his "lean and hungry look; He thinks too much: such men are dangerous."

Answer:  Gaius CASSIUS Longinus

B. The English expression "it was Greek to me" comes from a line spoken in the play by this character, referring to a speech of Cicero. He was also the first of the conspirators to stab Caesar.

Answer:  Servilius CASCA

C. Shakespeare has this conspirator being the first to cry out "Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead!" upon Caesar's death. The day of Caesar's funeral, a poet of the same name gets lynched by a mob, in a case of mistaken identity.

Answer:  Lucius Cornelius CINNA


BONUS 15
The International Pig Veterinary Society will begin its Congress at the Vancouver Convention Centre tomorrow. So here is a test of differences between pig and human anatomy. Ten points each.

A. In pigs, these glands are near the anterior end of each kidney, but separated from the kidney and lying slightly medial of it. In humans, these glands are attached to the tops of the kidneys.

Answer:  ADRENAL glands

B. In pigs, this organ has five lobes: right lateral, right central, left central, left lateral, and caudate. In humans, this same organ has four lobes.

Answer:  LIVER

C. In pigs, this section of the alimentary canal is three or four times as long as in humans, and it coils around in a spiral, unlike in humans.

Answer:  spiral COLON


BONUS 16
Name these French colonies in Acadia. Ten points each.

A. The first French colony in Acadia was established in 1604 by Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain on this island of less than three hectares, in the namesake river that now separates Maine from New Brunswick.

Answer:  Île SAINTE-CROIX (or SAINT CROIX Island)

B. After half the colonists on Île Sainte-Croix died of scurvy over the first winter, the survivors set up this other colony on the opposite side of the Bay of Fundy. It was the main town in Acadia until the British took it in 1710.

Answer:  PORT-ROYAL (do not accept Annapolis Royal)

C. After the loss of Port-Royal, the French built this new capital of the colony of Île Royale on Cape Breton Island. It differed from other colonies in New France in that its economy was based on fishing instead of agriculture, but it's probably best known for its fortifications.

Answer:  LOUISBOURG


BONUS 17
Name these companies that employed Canada's three highest-paid CEOs in 2009. Ten points each.

A. Gerald Schwartz earned 16.7 million dollars for running this conglomerate whose businesses employ over two hundred thousand people. Schwartz himself owns 67.6 per cent of its voting shares.

Answer:  ONEX Corporation

B. Hunter Harrison retired at the end of 2009, a year in which he was paid 17.3 million as head of this transportation company that was privatized by the federal government in 1995.

Answer:  CN, or CANADIAN NATIONAL Railway

C. The gold medal for Canadian CEO pay goes to Aaron Regent, who got 24.2 million dollars for running this mining company that is the world's largest gold producer.

Answer:  BARRICK Gold Corporation


BONUS 18
Name these sociology books published between 1949 and 1956. Ten points each.

A. In the first half, "Facts and Myths", this work describes "the theory of the eternal feminine" and how man puts woman in the role of "Other". In the second half, "Woman's Life Today", it asserts that "One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman" and calls for women to be given the same opportunities as men.

Answer:  The SECOND SEX (or Le DEUXIÈME SEXE)

B. This work by David Riesman, Nathan Glazer, and Reuel Denney describes the evolution of society in terms of social types, from "tradition-directed" to "inner-directed" and to a new type, "other-directed", who "wants to be loved rather than esteemed."

Answer:  The LONELY CROWD

C. This work by C. Wright Mills is about the titular small group of leaders in politics, business, and the military who, unlike the rest of us, are in positions to make decisions having major effects on society, but feel no responsibility because of their "higher immorality".

Answer:  The POWER ELITE


BONUS 19
Name these places in Voltaire's Candide, for 10 points each. All of them exist in real life.

A. The story begins in the castle of Thunder-ten-tronckh, located in what German region?

Answer:  WESTPHALIA (or VESTFALIE)

B. In the wake of natural disasters in this city, Dr. Pangloss is hanged at an auto-da-fe by religious fanatics, but Candide escapes.

Answer:  LISBON, Portugal

C. While en route to this city to ransom Cunegonde, Candide finds Dr. Pangloss rowing as a galley slave. At the end of the story, they all settle on a farm outside this city where they sell their vegetables.

Answer:  CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey (accept ISTANBUL)


BONUS 20
Name these things about the Merovingians. Ten points each.

A. This Frankish king and Catholic convert was the founder of the Merovingian dynasty.

Answer:  CLOVIS I (CLOVIS the FIRST)

B. This body of traditional Frankish law was codified under the reign of Clovis the First. It is noted for its provision excluding women from inheriting land.

Answer:  SALIC law (or Lex SALICA)

C. Later in the Merovingian dynasty, the king became mostly a figurehead, and the real power was held by the person who had this office, originally the chief of the royal household. Its holders included Charles Martel and Pepin the Short.

Answer:  MAYOR of the PALACE
(or MAIRE DU PALAIS or MAJORDOMO or MAIOR DOMUS)


BONUS 21
Ten points each for three things that might not have any apparent connection.

A. For April Fool's Day in 2010, Google renamed itself after this American city that had, the previous month, named itself after Google.

Answer:  TOPEKA, Kansas

B. This research institution was founded in 1984 in New Mexico for the purpose of "multidisciplinary collaborations in the physical, biological, computational, and social sciences" to understand complex systems.

Answer:  SANTA FE Institute

C. Once voted "Canada's craziest mayor" in a Rick Mercer contest for imposing a dress code on visitors to his office, this clothing store owner has been mayor of Saskatoon since 2003.

Answer:  Donald J. ATCHISON


BONUS 22
Minutes before the end of the World Cup finals last Sunday, three simultaneous bomb blasts rocked an African city. For 10 points per answer:

A. Name this city where at least seventy-four people were killed by the blasts, and hundreds injured.

Answer:  KAMPALA, Uganda

B. Responsibility for the bombs was claimed by a militant Islamist group in this country.

Answer:  Republic of SOMALIA

C. With an Arabic name meaning "the youth", this was the Somali group that claimed responsibility for the Kampala attacks.

Answer:  Harakat al-SHABAAB al-Mujahideen