VETO 2009, FARSIDE team tossups


TOSSUP 1
Its characters include Doug, who hides behind a tree in the front yard; Bobby, a child traumatized by the killing of his next-door neighbors by a pack of wolves; Billy, who pulls out a larger brain midway through an exam; Norm, a policeman who is informed by a detective that curiosity killed a roomful of cats; and Professor Schwartzman, the first human being on earth to hear what barking dogs are actually saying. Running from 1980 to 1995, for 10 points name this one-panel comic strip by Gary Larson.

Answer:  The FAR SIDE


TOSSUP 2
On June 16, 1665, Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter sailed into this city's harbour and allowed his crew to plunder everything its people owned -- which amounted to just twelve pigs, five small cows, and a lot of fish. Out of pity for its people's poverty, de Ruyter decided not to torch the city, but in 1697, the Sieur d'Iberville burned it to the ground. The French retook the city in 1762 but were soon defeated here in the very last skirmish of the French and Indian War, the Battle of Signal Hill. Founded in 1583 by Humphrey Gilbert as England's first overseas colony, for 10 points, what is this now-provincial capital?

Answer:  ST. JOHN'S


TOSSUP 3
It occurs at the edges of the Ferrel Cell, and Rossby waves give it a meandering shape. Where the Ferrel Cell meets the Hadley Cell there is a subtropical one, ten to sixteen kilometres above sea level. Where the Ferrel Cell meets the Polar Cell there is a stronger polar one, seven to twelve kilometres above sea level, that was used by the Japanese during World War Two to transport bomb-laden balloons to North America. Located at the tropopause, for 10 points what is this fast-flowing air current?

Answer:  JET STREAM


TOSSUP 4
This play opens with Linda in the kitchen looking at four boxes. Linda's mother, Germaine, enters and tells Linda that the boxes contain one million Gold Star stamps. To help her stick the stamps into booklets, Germaine invites thirteen friends and relatives over, but they end up stealing the stamps instead. A high point of the play has the women singing about the joys of bingo, and the final scene has Germaine throwing her guests out of the house as they sing O Canada. Written in Quebecois joual, for 10 points, what is this play by Michel Tremblay?

Answer:  Les BELLES-SOEURS (prompt on "sisters-in-law" or "beautiful sisters")


TOSSUP 5
This function is equal to x times the infinite product for all positive n of the quantity one minus x squared over n squared pi squared. Its Laplace transform is one over the quantity s squared plus one. Its second derivative is the negative of the function, and at x equal zero, its first derivative is one and its value is zero. Also equal to e to the i x minus e to the negative i x, all over two i, for 10 points, what is this function that in a right triangle is the ratio of the length of the side opposite angle x to the length of the hypotenuse?

Answer:  SINE of x (or of t)


TOSSUP 6
Translator James Strachey gave it its English name, making it sound more obscure and technical than it does in the original language. The concept's originator compared it to a horse, whose superior strength must be guided and kept in check by its rider, and also described it as "a chaos, a cauldron full of seething excitation", which "contains everything that is inherited, that is present at birth, that is laid down in the constitution." For 10 points, name this component of the human mental apparatus described by Freud as representing instincts.

Answer:  the ID (or, in the original German, das ES)


TOSSUP 7
The title's the same: One is a CBC Radio program begun in Vancouver in 1947 and now heard nationwide on Radio One on Saturdays from 5 to 6 p.m., hosted by Paul Grant. The other is a 2007 book by Nic Rivers, Mark Jaccard, and Jeffrey Simpson, that got national TV exposure on December 3, 2008, clearly visible on a shelf behind an out-of-focus Stephane Dion. For 10 points, give the shared title of North America's longest-running jazz program, and a book on "meeting Canada's climate change challenge".

Answer:  HOT AIR


TOSSUP 8
Today, the regular route to this mountain's summit follows the Bosses Ridge from the northwest. In the 1930s, Graham Brown ascended its east face, establishing three new routes called the Pear, the Red Sentinel, and the Route Major. Its first known conquest was via its north face, by Michel-Gabriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat in 1786. A twelve-kilometre road tunnel under it was opened in 1965, between the valleys of Courmayeur to the east and Chamonix to the west. For 10 points, name this French peak which is the highest mountain in the Alps.

Answer:  MONT BLANC


TOSSUP 9
It quotes an Australian soldiers' ballad about a Cairo brothel, but with "feet" replacing a different body part that Mrs. Porter and her daughter "wash in soda water". It also quotes the song of a seaman who asks, "My Irish girl, why do you tarry?" in Wagner's original German from Tristan und Isolde. The last stanza contains a line meaning "with such words he disappeared in the refining flame" from Dante's Purgatorio. For 10 points, what poem ending with three repetitions of the Sanskrit word for "peace" was written by T. S. Eliot?

Answer:  The WASTE LAND


TOSSUP 10
This concept was first enunciated in 1893 by Henry Drummond, who attacked it asking, "What view of Nature or of Truth is theirs whose interest in Science is not in what it can explain but in what it cannot, whose quest is ignorance not knowledge?" Dietrich Bonhoeffer complained that accepting it means that as "the frontiers of knowledge are being pushed further and further back, ... God is being pushed back with them." For 10 points, what is this attempt to reconcile science and religion by seeing the divine in what is currently unknown?

Answer:  GOD OF THE GAPS


TOSSUP 11
On this date in 1910, both the Royal Canadian Navy and the city of Tel Aviv were founded. In 1919, after major student demonstrations in Beijing, the date itself became the name of a Chinese protest movement. Four students were shot dead on this date in 1970 at Kent State University, and on this date in 1886, at least eight policemen were killed in Chicago's Haymarket riot. For 10 points, what date is also, based on a play on words, observed annually as Star Wars Day?

Answer:  MAY the FOURth
(as in "May the 4th be with you")


TOSSUP 12
This city's central business district has four main east-west streets: Hay, Wellington, Murray, and Saint Georges Terrace, at the western end of which is located Parliament House. The downtown area lies between Belmont Park and Kings Park along the Swan River, twelve kilometres upstream from the port of Fremantle. Separated by two thousand kilometres from the nearest other metropolitan area of over a million people, Adelaide to its east, for 10 points, name this capital of Western Australia.

Answer:  PERTH


TOSSUP 13
He appeared with Leonardo DiCaprio on the cover of Vanity Fair in May 2007. The death of his foster father in October of 2008 had no effect on an ongoing custody battle with a financial claim of five hundred thousand euros made from the Neumünster home of his biological father, Lars. In December, shortly after his second birthday, he looked so lonely that a man dived into a moat to try to comfort him, but his keepers distracted him with a leg of beef. Rejected by his Canadian-born mother, Tosca, he was raised by Thomas Dörflein. For 10 points, name the Berlin Zoo's favourite polar bear.

Answer:  KNUT


TOSSUP 14
Both censuses in the book of Numbers record this tribe as being the second largest, after Judah. Jacob in his blessing called this son "a serpent by the way, an adder in the path"; and Moses' final blessing referred to his descendants as "a lion's whelp" who "shall leap from Bashan". The full brother of Naphtali and son of Bilhah, his name means "judge". Originally allotted western Canaan, which the tribe failed to conquer, for 10 points, name this tribe that settled in the northern part of Israel, at the opposite end of the country from Beersheba.

Answer:  tribe of DAN


TOSSUP 15
This product's sulfur content is about point three seven per cent, and its API gravity is thirty-eight degrees. Since 1990, this designation has applied to production not only from its namesake system but also from the neighbouring Ninian system. Contracts on it are traded on the IntercontinentalExchange under symbol LCO, where the price is usually about one or two dollars per barrel below West Texas Intermediate. For 10 points, what commodity from the North Sea is used as a benchmark to price two thirds of internationally traded supplies of petroleum?

Answer:  (North Sea) BRENT CRUDE oil, or BRENT BLEND crude oil
(prompt for more information on "light crude OIL")


TOSSUP 16
Its western end is dominated by a wooden banqueting house fronted by statues of Cupid and Bacchus flowing with streams of wine. At the eastern end, a gold statue of Saint Michael wearing a blue mantle sits atop a mast supporting a building that is covered in velvet. On the nine kilometres in between there is dancing, wrestling and jousting, except on Sundays, as arranged by Cardinal Wolsey. Located between the villages of Ardres and Guînes ["geen"], near Calais, for 10 points what was this meeting place in 1520 between Kings Francis the first and Henry the eighth?

Answer:  FIELD of the CLOTH OF GOLD (or CAMP du DRAP D'OR)


TOSSUP 17
It consists of a repulsive component that drops off exponentially with separation distance, and an attractive component resulting from polarities created by neighbors' electric fields or instantaneous dipoles caused by the positions of electrons around nuclei. Depending on the material, it may include Keesom and Debye ["duh-BY"] interactions, but it always includes the dispersion force from induced dipoles. It enables the adhesion to surfaces of the microscopic foot hairs of geckos, and explains the observed deviation at high pressures from the ideal-gas law. For 10 points, what is this force between molecules?

Answer:  VAN DER WAALS force


TOSSUP 18
After co-founding the Asian-American studies program at UC Berkeley, he moved to Tokyo in 1971 to work a year for Fumihiko Maki. In the late nineties, he developed master plans for the Chinese cities of Yuxi ["yoo-shee"] and Dalian ["dal-yen"], but in the meantime, working for Arthur Erickson, he was project director for Toronto's Roy Thomson Hall and the courthouse complex at Vancouver's Robson Square; then with his own firm, he designed the Canada Pavilion at Expo 92 in Seville. For 10 points name this architect of the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts at UBC and the Central City development in Surrey, B.C.

Answer:  Bing (Wing) THOM


TOSSUP 19
Nectar that is sucked by a bee gets stored in this organ until the bee returns to the hive. In flamingos and pigeons, it produces a kind of high-fat, high-protein "milk" of regurgitated food that is fed to chicks. Ducks and geese are said to have a "pseudo" version of it because of their lack of controlling musculature in this part of the esophagus. In most birds, it appears as a pouch that bulges after the bird eats and before the food enters the proventriculus. For 10 points, name this digestive organ that comes before the gizzard.

Answer:  CROP (or CROUP or CRAW)


TOSSUP 20
With a cry of "cargo, cargo, cargo", disguised Florentines speaking a made-up language in this play seize one of their own soldiers and confirm his suspected cowardice in his pleas to spare his life, in a subplot added to the tale of Giletta of Narbonne from the Decameron. "War is no strife to the dark house and the detested wife", says Bertram as he goes to war along with his cowardly follower Parolles ["pa-ROLL-iss"]. For 10 points, what "problem play" by Shakespeare concludes with Bertram's being so impressed by Helena's recovery of his ring that he promises to love her "ever, ever dearly"?

Answer:  ALL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELL


TOSSUP 21
In this sport, the Canadian team of Alex Gough, Sam Edney, and Chris and Mike Moffat won the silver medal for the relay event at the World Cup in Altenberg, Germany, on January 23, 2009, where Germany's Natalie Geisenberger and Italy's Armin Zöggeler were respectively the winners of women's and men's singles, and Italy's Christian Oberstolz and Patrick Gruber won the doubles event. Reaching speeds of up to one hundred and forty kilometres per hour, for 10 points, in what sport do racers hurtle along a track while lying on their backs on an open fibreglass sled?

Answer:  LUGE


TOSSUP 22
William Baldwin reported that some of its captured members possessed written hymns including the lines "Let the hypocrites among the tribe remember that the time will come when they will be like Judas. The time will come for all these hypocrites to be burned." Within the first week of the state of emergency declared by Governor Baring, its members killed Eric Bowyer at his farm in North Kinangop, and for trying to break up one of their oathing ceremonies they used pangas to hack to pieces Senior Chief Nderi of the Kikuyu. For 10 points, what was this 1950s movement opposing British rule in Kenya?

Answer:  MAU MAU


TOSSUP 23
The largest island surrounded by this body of water is Big Harbour Island, which is home to Malagawatch Indian Reserve number 4 and is south of the Iona Peninsula, which lies between its Grand Narrows to the east and Saint Patricks Channel to the west and north. The most southerly stretch of the Cabot Trail goes along its shores, through the village of Baddeck, the home of Alexander Graham Bell. It's connected by Saint Andrews Channel north to the Atlantic Ocean near the city of Sydney. For 10 points, what is this saltwater lake in the middle of Cape Breton Island?

Answer:  BRAS D'OR Lake


TOSSUP 24
Rejecting his mother's suggestion of "God have mercy on his soul", he chooses the Bible verse "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered" to read at his grandfather's funeral. His own last words to his mother are, "Go up to the field till you come to a sycamore on the edge, an' then cut acrost the stream. Good-by," as he goes into hiding from those who seek revenge for his killing of George, the murderer of his friend Jim Casy. Already having served time in McAlester prison in Oklahoma for an earlier murder, for 10 points, who is this main character of The Grapes of Wrath?

Answer:  TOM JOAD


Vancouver Estival Trivia Open, 2009, FARSIDE team