VETO 2008, FARSIDE team tossups

link to bonuses

Secret note to the reader: If you need to replace a tossup, make the following replacements:


TOSSUP 1
He became king at about age 10, after his teenaged half-brother became known as Edward the Martyr. As a result of defeat at the Battle of Maldon, he paid Olaf Tryggvason three tonnes of silver, then five more tonnes three years later, then eight more tonnes before he got fed up and ordered the murder of all Danes in England, including the sister of Sweyn Forkbeard, who then invaded and forced this king to flee to Normandy in 1013. For 10 points, name the father of Edmund Ironside and Edward the Confessor whose name means "noble advice" but whose epithet means "poorly advised".

Answer:  King AETHELRED the UNREADY (or King AETHELRED the SECOND) of England


TOSSUP 2
Mathematically, it refers to a continuous-time random process with mean function of zero for all time and the Dirac delta function as its autocorrelation function. It's characterized by a spectral density that's flat, meaning that all frequencies have equal intensity. You can produce it on your computer by sending the output of a uniform pseudorandom number generator to the digital signal processor. For 10 points, name this type of signal that sounds like radio or TV static.

Answer:  WHITE NOISE


TOSSUP 3
The one in Tokyo, known as Tozai-sen, is the busiest route on the Tokyo Metro, and the only one connecting directly with all the others in the system. The one in Los Angeles was the first in the light rail system, and goes from downtown L.A. south to Long Beach. From downtown Boston, on the MBTA, it will take you to Logan airport, and from Chicago's Loop, on the El, it'll take you to O'Hare airport. In Montreal, it's the only one that bypasses Berri-UQAM, going from Snowdon to Saint-Michel. For 10 points, what is this designation that, in hockey, separates the end zones from centre ice?

Answer:  BLUE LINE


TOSSUP 4
Transition to this stage begins when helium in the core starts fusing into carbon. The core shrinks under gravity, compressing the outer layers and giving off heat. An outer shell layer of hydrogen then becomes hot and dense enough for fusion, which occurs very fast, resulting in increased luminosity, and lower surface temperature due to outward pressure causing sudden expansion of surface area. Examples in the night sky include Arcturus and Aldebaran. For 10 points, name this type of star that, in about 5 billion years, our Sun will become as it engulfs Mercury and Venus.

Answer:  RED GIANT


TOSSUP 5
Within a month of its initial publication in New York, Henry Labouchère published a parody of it in London, inserting "'Tis useless to be mild" to rhyme with the original line "Half devil and half child". It first appeared in McClure's Magazine in February, 1899, the same month that the U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of Paris with Spain. Subtitled "The United States and The Philippine Islands", it speaks of "The savage wars of peace" and exhorts readers to "Fill full the mouth of Famine / And bid the sickness cease." For 10 points, name this poem by Rudyard Kipling.

Answer:  The WHITE MAN'S BURDEN


TOSSUP 6
They published an almanac including the stage production The Yellow Sound, the essay "On the Question of Form", and songs by Anton Webern, Alban Berg, and Arnold Schoenberg, who also contributed two self-portraits among the almanac's one hundred and forty reproductions of visual art. Schoenberg's paintings were among those in this group's exhibition that toured Europe and also included works by Henri Rousseau and Albert Bloch. Lasting only from 1911 to 1914, for 10 points, what was this Munich-based group of artists led by Franz Marc and Vassily Kandinsky?

Answer:  The BLUE RIDER (or Der BLAUE REITER)


TOSSUP 7
A bronze statue of Francis the Pig sits on Gaetz Avenue in this city, in honour of an animal that escaped from the local Fletcher's slaughterhouse in 1990 and eluded capture for five months. Architecturally, the city is noted for Douglas Cardinal's St. Mary's Church, but the Donut Mill is seen by more visitors passing through on Highway 2. Although its WHL team, the Rebels, may not be as illustrious as the Oilers or the Flames, the city hosts the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame. For 10 points, name Alberta's third largest city, halfway between Calgary and Edmonton.

Answer:  RED DEER, Alberta


TOSSUP 8
It departed from orthodoxy by instituting married clergy and strict vegetarianism in the 12th century under its founder, Mao Ziyuan ["dzuh-yu-en"]. Originating out of Pure Land Buddhist lay associations, by the late 13th century it had adopted elements of Taoist practices and the prophecy of the rebirth of Maitreya. Banned by the Yuan dynasty, it became a secret society, and in the 1350s some of its followers joined with Manichaeans to form the Red Turban Army that rebelled against the Mongols. For 10 points, name this sect that also gave rise in 1796 to a rebellion against the Manchus.

Answer:  WHITE LOTUS sect or society (or BAI LIAN jiao or BAI LIAN hui)


TOSSUP 9
Its narrator remembers mathematicians and carpenters' wives, but doesn't know what they're doing with their lives. Always on the road, from the East Coast, to the great north woods, to a fishin' boat right outside of Delacroix, Louisiana, the narrator meets his love interest again in a topless place, where she bent down to tie the laces of his shoe. Concluding that they "always did feel the same" but "just saw it from a different point of view", this first song on the 1975 album Blood on the Tracks, is, for 10 points, what work by Bob Dylan?

Answer:  TANGLED UP IN BLUE


TOSSUP 10
Larvae of the Rosner's Hairstreak butterfly live exclusively off this plant, which also has the highest concentration of plicatic acid, which can induce asthma in humans. It has a narrow crown with drooping branches shaped like the letter J. Its bark, removed in long strips, was used by first nations for clothing, its roots for coiled baskets, and its soft wood carved to make canoes and most totem poles. For 10 points name this provincial tree of British Columbia.

Answer:  WESTERN RED CEDAR (or THUJA PLICATA)
(prompt on partial answer)


TOSSUP 11
A lodger took his landlady and her granddaughter to see the opera The Barber of Seville, after the lodger had introduced the granddaughter to Walter Scott's novels, which relieved the tedium of staying at home pinned to her grandmother. Then the lodger moved out, exactly a year ago, with a promise to marry the granddaughter should he return. The narrator learns all this in four long conversations with Nastenka on the embankment in St. Petersburg under starry bright skies in May. For 10 points, name this story by Dostoyevsky.

Answer:  WHITE NIGHTS (or BELYE NOCHI)


TOSSUP 12
Together with Arnold Schwarzenegger, he appeared on the cover of TIME magazine on June 25, 2007, just after he told a California audience that after six years he was leaving the Republican Party. A month later he said it was "just an accident" that his speeches take him to "big states ... where you're more likely to have things to do" -- not mentioning their electoral votes. Senator Chuck Hagel of Nebraska suggested sharing a ticket with him, but he has always denied seeking the presidency. For 10 points name this billionaire mayor of New York.

Answer:  Michael BLOOMBERG


TOSSUP 13
Gregory Carlson's classification divides them into three types: stage-level, which are transient; individual-level, which are more or less permanent; and kind-level, which logically cannot have individual objects as their arguments. Any instance that's a proper name must be individual-level. More generally, any instance that's a noun phrase is either individual-level or kind-level. Stage-level ones are realized as adjectival or verb phrases. For 10 points, name the part of a sentence or clause that expresses what is said of the subject.

Answer:  PREDICATEs


TOSSUP 14
It begins with coffee, and explains that FAIR TRADE coffee earns "extra points", "because paying the extra $2 means they are making a difference." What generated the most responses was number 11, which notes the intentional "blue" and "yellow" colours of UBC and UCLA, on the subject of "Asian Girls". Other items listed by ex-Torontonian and McGill graduate Christian Lander include film festivals, yoga, gifted children, recycling, and "being an expert on YOUR culture". Started in January 2008, for 10 points, what is this WordPress blog?

Answer:  STUFF WHITE PEOPLE LIKE (prompt on "White People")


TOSSUP 15
It was built in response to the shocking defeat of Delawana by Esperanto in 1920. Designed by William Roué ["roo-EH"], with funds raised by Senator William Dennis, it beat the Elsie in 1921 and the Henry Ford the next year, and was still undefeated in 1938 after its final race against the Gertrude L. Thebaud for the last International Fishermen's Trophy. Captained by Angus Walters and based in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, for 10 points, what was this schooner that earned a picture on the dime?

Answer:  BLUENOSE


TOSSUP 16
It's the classic example of a khok, a mitzvah that seems to defy reason. The subject of the Torah reading on the Shabbat after Purim, the paradox is that it's a ritual of purification that makes impure the priest who performs this sacrifice. There hasn't been one in Israel for two thousand years; the one identified in 2002 was disqualified when it was found to have more than two black hairs. For 10 points, what are Jewish Temple restorationists now trying to make with help from Texan Christian dispensationalist cattle breeders?

Answer:  RED HEIFER or RED COW (or PARAH ADUMAH)


TOSSUP 17
Extending from Kingsdown to Capel-le-Ferne, they are composed mainly of coccoliths. Because of a reference in King Lear, the highest one is named for William Shakespeare; but the first written record of them is in the Commentaries of Julius Caesar, who wisely judged this location "unsuitable for landing". Erosion of five to ten centimetres a year prevents vegetation from growing on them, thus maintaining their appearance. Visible from Cap Gris Nez in France, for 10 points what are these imposing Channel-side heights of southeast England?

Answer:  the WHITE CLIFFS OF DOVER (prompt on partial answer)


TOSSUP 18
It originated in 1566 under Philip the Second, bearing the Crusader cross and the Habsburg shield. In 1787 in New York state, a version with an eagle and a rising sun was made by Ephraim Brasher, who had first copied the Lima style from the Viceroyalty of Peru. Since the 1960s, Mardi Gras carnival krewes in New Orleans have been throwing out aluminum ones. Forty years ago this week, White Spot restaurants started putting chocolate versions in their new Pirate Paks. Worth sixteen pieces of eight, for 10 points, name this Spanish gold coin.

Answer:  DOUBLOON


TOSSUP 19
He says "we did not do the things we wanted to do; we never did such things," explaining why he had gone on "beautiful adventures" in the fleshpots of the cities rather than visit the priest's family in the Abruzzi. Although he says he has no religion, for good luck he accepts a Saint Anthony medal, which he loses, and he reflects that "It is in defeat we become Christian" before the Italians retreat from Caporetto. For 10 points name this American protagonist of Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms.

Answer:  Lieutenant FREDERIC HENRY


TOSSUP 20
In Canada, this term has been applied since 1939 to an appendix to the federal budget, but the first separate one, by C.D. Howe in 1945, outlined Keynesian policies for the new peacetime economy. The next one, in 1964, was tabled by Lucien Cardin and Paul Hellyer, and proposed the unification of Canada's armed forces. As distinct from the report of a royal commission or task force, for 10 points, what is this kind of document that outlines government policy but also refers to what this packet is printed on?

Answer:  WHITE PAPER


TOSSUP 21
It contains pits of minimum length one hundred and fifty nanometres on a one-point-one-millimeter-thick polycarbonate layer, in depressions spaced three hundred and twenty nanometres apart. With a spot size of five hundred and eighty nanometres, a laser shines light with wavelength four hundred and five nanometres to read data at thirty-six megabits per second. Able to store twenty-five gigabytes on a single layer or fifty gigabytes with double layer, for 10 points, what is this medium pioneered by Sony that has defeated its rival Toshiba's HD-DVD?

Answer:  BLU-RAY Disc


TOSSUP 22
Its distinguishing feature is its form of 5-enol-pyruvyl-shikimate 3-phosphate synthase, which is the same as that in Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, making it insensitive to glyphosate. In 2007, Judge Charles Breyer ordered the U.S. Department of Agriculture to conduct an environmental impact study on this variant of alfalfa. In 1997, Saskatchewan farmer Percy Schmeiser found this variant of canola on his fields, and got sued by Monsanto. For 10 points, give the brand name of these herbicide-resistant genetically modified crops.

Answer:  ROUNDUP READY® crops or plants


TOSSUP 23
After Jefferson's original Rotunda at the University of Virginia burned down in 1895, this man designed its replacement. His other commissions include Tesla's Wardenclyffe lab on Long Island, the Italianate New York Herald building, Washington Square Arch and the second Madison Square Garden, all built while he was a partner in the firm he founded with William Mead and Charles McKim. For 10 points, name this Gilded Age architect who was attending a musical revue at Madison Square Garden on June 25, 1906, when a jealous Harry Thaw murdered him.

Answer:  STANFORD WHITE (prompt on partial name)


TOSSUP 24
"Sister Anne, sister Anne, do you see anyone coming yet?" Fatima shouts up the stairs, during a reprieve of fifteen minutes. At the last moment, two brothers, a dragoon and a musketeer, appear and attack this villain who was about to make his seventh wife suffer the same fate of his ex-wives, for having opened the forbidden closet containing their corpses. The subject of operas by Dukas, Offenbach, and Bartok, for 10 points, name this fairy-tale character with distinctively coloured facial hair.

Answer:  BLUEBEARD


Vancouver Estival Trivia Open, 2008, FARSIDE team