VETO 2002
FARSIDE team
July 20, 2002, Vancouver, B.C.

TOSSUPS

TOSSUP 1
In real life, he spent parts of the summers of 1947 and 1948 in the Keewatin district of the Northwest Territories, but no winters there. Nor was he ever alone, being a junior member of an expedition of biologists. For 10 points, what author actually spent only four weeks observing the title creatures before writing Never Cry Wolf?

Answer:  Farley MOWAT


TOSSUP 2
It refers to a moral law that is unconditional for all agents and does not depend on an ulterior motive or consequence. As argued in Critique of Pure Reason, for 10 points, what principle did Immanuel Kant lay down as: "act only on that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law"?

Answer:  the CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE, or der KATEGORISCHE IMPERATIV


TOSSUP 3
The first one was born in Ireland, the second in India, the third in Italy. The next fourteen were born in either England or Scotland. The 18th was the first who was born in Canada, as were the next seven who followed him. For 10 points, what position, defined in Article 10 of the British North America Act of 1867, was given in 1999 to a native of Hong Kong?

Answer:  GOVERNOR GENERAL of Canada


TOSSUP 4
It is produced by the intersection of a right circular cone and a plane parallel to an element of the cone. As a plane curve, it is defined as a set of points equally distant from a fixed line and a fixed point. For 10 points, what type of curve is the graph of y equals x squared?

Answer:  PARABOLA


TOSSUP 5
"It's one thing to win the national championship, but the Canadian teams are how we measure ourselves." So said Kort Schubert, the MVP for this sport's NCAA tournament, after an undefeated season including wins over UBC and UVic ended with the Cal Bears' 12th consecutive national title. For 10 points, in what sport does Schubert play flanker while teammate Kirk Khasigian plays hooker?

Answer:  RUGBY


TOSSUP 6
The critic Isaac D'Israeli said that the practice crept into English from either China or Wales. Milton called it a "troublesome and modern bondage", since it was absent from Greek and Roman poetry, while Dryden rued the day that "barbarous nations, and more barbarous times, debased the majesty of verse to", for 10 points, what?

Answer:  RHYMEs


TOSSUP 7
It took him 37 years to finish his Bachelor of Arts degree, which he received this year at California State University, Long Beach — three days after Yale granted him his fifth honorary doctorate. For 10 points, what mature student fulfilled his program's graduation requirement for "a polished 12-minute film" by submitting the Academy Award winner for Best Picture of 1993?

Answer:  Steven Allan SPIELBERG
(the film was Schindler's List)


TOSSUP 8
According to the DSM IV, children with this condition do not experience any clinically significant delay in language, cognitive development, or adaptive behaviour — other than in social interaction. Marked impairments in nonverbal communication and/or in developing peer relationships, and "restricted repetitive & stereotyped patterns of behaviour" characterize, for 10 points, what disorder, similar to but not as severe as autism?

Answer:  ASPERGER's syndrome or disorder

(The first sentence is what distinguishes Asperger's from autism.)


TOSSUP 9
This country's army currently enforces a military occupation over an area 27 times the country's own size, with the help of a proxy force, the Rally for Congolese Democracy. President Paul Kagame's ["ka-GAH-may's"] government justifies the occupation of 30 per cent of Congo on the grounds that Hutu militiamen from his own country are hiding there. For 10 points, in what nation in 1994 did Hutu extremists kill hundreds of thousands of Tutsis?

Answer:  RWANDA


TOSSUP 10
"Lake Simcoe" shows him as a child at his family's cottage in the 1940s. In "The Idea of North" we hear him announcing his 1960s documentary series for CBC Radio. In "Forty-Nine" he is shown calling a friend to talk about Schoenberg's superstitions about numbers and death, a year before he himself died at age 50. This subject of 32 short films from the National Film Board is what pianist best known for playing Bach's Goldberg Variations?

Answer:  Glenn GOULD


TOSSUP 11
Ramón Puerta and Eduardo Camaño both tried it for two days, and Adolfo Rodríguez Saá tried it for nine days, all following Fernando de la Rúa's resignation. The current holder of this job, Eduardo Duhalde, has lasted since January, 2002, but is moving next year's elections 6 months earlier so that he can make a quicker exit out of, for 10 points, what unrewarding chief executive position in South America?

Answer:  PRESIDENT of ARGENTINA (prompt for more information on answer of "Argentina" alone)


TOSSUP 12
Environment Canada's maximum acceptable level of this compound is 82 parts per billion. You can test its presence by combining corn starch and water with potassium iodide on filter paper and letting it sit for a few hours. The shade of purple you get shows the resulting concentration of iodine, which tells you how much of this compound is in the air. For 10 points, what major component of smog is an allotrope of oxygen that's best if it's in the stratosphere?

Answer:  OZONE


TOSSUP 13
It began granting degrees in 1863, and in 1875, it conferred upon Grace Lockhart the first university degree to a woman in the British Empire. In the 2001 Maclean's survey, it is the only university with more than half its students coming from out of province. For 10 points, name this Sackville, New Brunswick, institution that for ten years straight has been named by Maclean's as best primarily undergraduate university.

Answer:  MOUNT ALLISON University


TOSSUP 14
The Talmud records that upon his death, "regard for the Torah ceased, and purity and piety died." In the book of Acts, he is quoted as urging his fellow Sanhedrin to leave the Christians alone, "for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought: But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it." For 10 points, who was this famed liberal rabbi and teacher of Paul, whose name may be best known to Americans as the middle name of Warren Harding?

Answer:  Rabban GAMALIEL ha-Zaqen or the Elder or I


TOSSUP 15
"Shape without form, shade without colour, Paralysed force, gesture without motion." This list of meaningless things occurs in a poem that is prefaced with "A penny for the Old Guy" and describes mankind as "Leaning together, Headpiece filled with straw." For 10 points, what work by T. S. Eliot ends "not with a bang but a whimper"?

Answer:  The HOLLOW MEN


TOSSUP 16
The first one established the House of Dunkeld. The second was the grandfather of Duncan the First; the third was the eldest son of Duncan, brother of Donalbain, and successor to Macbeth. The fourth and last died young. There was no tenth one, but for 10 points, what given name do these Scottish kings have in common with an African-American leader who was assassinated in 1965?

Answer:  MALCOLM


TOSSUP 17
This non-Arab country is mentioned twice in last month's UN report on the Arab world. The report notes that the country translates almost as many books in one year as the Arabs have translated in the past thousand years; and the combined GDP of the 280 million people in Arab countries is less than that of this country's 40 million people. For 10 points, what is this European kingdom which was a centre of Arab culture before 1492?

Answer:  SPAIN (or ESPAÑA)


TOSSUP 18
In his obsession with efficiency, he advocated spellings like "catalog" without the "U-E" at the end, and even changed the spelling of his own first name to "M-E-L-V-I-L", dropping the "L-E" at the end. In 1887 he founded the first library school, at Columbia University. For 10 points, name this librarian who is best known for his book classification system.

Answer:  Melvil DEWEY


TOSSUP 19
My cookbook lists its ingredients as: one quarter pound each of meat balls, meat rissoles, fish balls and fish rissoles; one or two pigs' tongues, and half of a calf's head. Cooked with bacon and margarine, this soupy concoction is intended to delight those who can't afford the real thing. For 10 points, this is what imitation reptile dish?

Answer:  MOCK TURTLE soup


TOSSUP 20
Britain took it over in 1888 and established the first settlement, at Flying Fish Cove, to begin mining phosphates. It was part of the crown colony of Singapore until 1958, when it became an Australian external territory. Last August, its people, mostly ethnic Chinese and Malays, were ready to welcome a boatload of refugees, but the federal government refused permission to land. For 10 points, what is this Indian Ocean island that got its name on December 25, 1643?

Answer:  CHRISTMAS ISLAND


TOSSUP 21
It has concentric outer and inner lipid membranes. The inner membrane has folds called cristae ["KRIS-tie"] that expand its surface. The area inside, called the matrix, is filled with fluid and contains its own DNA, which in mammals is almost entirely inherited from the mother. For 10 points, what is this organelle that is the site of aerobic respiration to produce a cell's energy?

Answer:  MITOCHONDRION (or plural MITOCHONDRIA)


TOSSUP 22
The one in China, known in Chinese as Dà Yùn Hé ["dah yewn huh"] stretches from Beijing in the north to Hángzhou ["hung joe"] in the south, a distance of 1800 kilometres. The one in Venice is 3 kilometres long and is crossed by the Rialto Bridge. For 10 points, what common name do we give to these major waterways?

Answer:  the GRAND CANAL


TOSSUP 23
On July 4, 2002, he was announced as an Honorary Companion of the Order of Canada, our country's highest honour for a foreign citizen. Though born in Toronto, he abandoned Canada in 1947 for Los Angeles, where he is now designing the Walt Disney Concert Hall. For 10 points, what architect is best known for the Experience Music Project in Seattle and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao?

Answer:  Frank O(wen) GEHRY


TOSSUP 24
After Boeing and Airbus, it is currently the world's third-largest manufacturer of civil aircraft, and makes Learjet, Dash, and Twin Otter planes. It also manufactures light rail and rapid transit cars for cities such as Berlin and New York. For 10 points, what Montreal-based firm got its start making Ski-doos?

Answer:  BOMBARDIER



BONUSES

BONUS 1
Germany is the birthplace of at least three radically different world-views. For 10 points each, give the titles of these famous rallying songs, after hearing an excerpt:

A. [[[ PLAY TAPE : After a brief intro, you'll hear FIRST AUDITORY QUESTION, Part A ]]]

Answer:  die INTERNATIONALE
(Communism)

B. [[[ PLAY TAPE : Part B ]]]

Answer:  Ein FESTE BURG IST UNSER GOTT,  -or-  A MIGHTY FORTRESS IS OUR GOD
(Protestantism)

C. [[[ PLAY TAPE : Part C ]]]

Answer:  HORST-WESSEL Lied  -or-  HORST WESSEL Song
(National Socialism)

If you didn't catch the words, see the Appendix, which also includes translations.


BONUS 2
[[[ HAND OUT BONUS 2, pasta ]]]

You've just been handed three samples of pasta. For 5 points each, give their Italian names. You have 15 seconds.

Answers:  A. FARFALLE ["far-FALL-lay"]
B. PENNE ["PEN-nay"] (accept PENNE RIGATE)
C. ORZO ["ORD-zo"] (accept ROSAMARIA)

Now for 5 more points each:

D. "Farfalle" is also the word for what members of the animal kingdom?

Answer:  BUTTERFLIES

E. "Penne" also refers to what parts of a different member of the animal kingdom?

Answer:  FEATHERs

F. "Orzo" is also the word for what member of the plant kingdom?

Answer:  BARLEY


BONUS 3
Listen to the following speech and then tell me:
A. the name of the person speaking, for 10 points; and
B. the year in which the speech was given, on May 1. You'll get 10 points for the exact year, or 5 points within two.

[[[ PLAY TAPE : SECOND AUDITORY QUESTION ]]]

Answers:  A. (Martin) Brian MULRONEY [accept pronunciation "Mulrooney"]
B. 1987 (or for 5 points, accept 1985 or 1986 or 1988 or 1989)

One of the provincial premiers wanted to leave Meech Lake earlier to catch his flight back home, but Mulroney got him to stay by promising him the use of the prime minister's plane. For 10 points, who was this British Columbia premier?

Answer:  William VANDER ZALM


BONUS 4
[[[ HAND OUT BONUS 4, "Languages of India" ]]]

You've just been handed the text of the Christian Lord's Prayer translated into all 15 official languages listed in Schedule 8 of India's 1950 constitution. For 10 points each — your choice — identify any three of these languages with their number. To help you out, the languages are numbered in alphabetical order of their names in English. You have 15 seconds.

Answers: 
1. ASSAMESE
2. BENGALI
3. GUJARATI
4. HINDI
5. KANNADA
6. KASHMIRI
7. MALAYALAM
8. MARATHI
9. ORIYA
10. PUNJABI
11. SANSKRIT
12. SINDHI
13. TAMIL
14. TELUGU
15. URDU


BONUS 5
Listen to this song fragment and then for 10 points each, tell me:
A. the title of the song; and
B. the name of the American singer.

[[[ PLAY TAPE : turn up the volume a bit for THIRD AUDITORY QUESTION ]]]

Answers:  A. SOLIDARITY FOREVER
B. Pete SEEGER

C. Pete Seeger made the pop charts only once, at #70 in 1964. For 10 more points, this was with what song by Malvina Reynolds about suburbanites who are "all the same"?

Answer:  LITTLE BOXES


BONUS 6
[[[ HAND OUT BONUS 6, World Cup players ]]]

You've just been handed the pictures of six players with interesting hair in last month's World Cup. You don't have to name the players. For 5 points each, name the country each man represents. You have 15 seconds.

Answers: 
A. United States of America (player Clint Mathis)
B. PORTUGAL (player Abel Xavier)
C. TURKEY (player Ümit Davala)
D. GERMANY (player Christian Ziege)
E. NIGERIA (player Taribo West)
F. JAPAN (player Kazuyuki Toda)


BONUS 7
[[[ HAND OUT BONUS 7, a painting ]]]

You've just been handed a copy of a famous painting from the year 1771. Answer these questions for 10 points each:

A. Whose death is depicted?

Answer:  General James WOLFE

B. Who painted it?

Answer:  Benjamin WEST

C. The original painting is kept in what museum in Ottawa, which "holds its collections of art in trust for all Canadians"?

Answer:  the NATIONAL GALLERY of Canada


BONUS 8
Listen to this poem set to music and then for 10 points each, tell me:
A. the title by which the song is known;
B. the poet;
C. the composer of the music.

[[[ PLAY TAPE : FOURTH AUDITORY QUESTION ]]]

Answers:  A. JERUSALEM
B. William BLAKE
C. Sir (Charles) Hubert (Hastings) PARRY

If you didn't catch the words, see the Appendix.


BONUS 9
Answer these questions about Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) for 10 points each.

A. AECL is famous for its CANDU reactors. The "CAN" stands for Canada. Both answers required, what do the "D" and the "U" stand for?

Answer:  DEUTERIUM, URANIUM

B. Most nuclear reactors need uranium enriched with the 235 isotope, but CANDU reactors can do with what uranium isotope that constitutes over 99 per cent of natural deposits of uranium?

Answer:  238

C. For 10 points, name either of AECL's research and development facilities, one in Ontario and one in Manitoba.

Answer:  CHALK RIVER, Ontario  -or-  WHITESHELL (or PINAWA, Manitoba)


BONUS 10
In the spring of 1992, the world came to hear of Serb forces in Bosnia claiming to pursue a policy of "etnicko ciscenje" ["et-NEECH-ko cheesh-CHEN-yeh"]. For 10 points, what was the English translation of this phrase?

Answer:  ETHNIC CLEANSING

For 10 more points each, name these proponents of ethnic cleansing:

A. In 1945, this Czechoslovakian president signed decrees stripping over 2 million native-born German speakers of their citizenship and expelling them from the country.

Answer:  Eduard BENES ["BEN-esh"]

B. This Israeli cabinet minister advocated expelling all four million non-Jewish inhabitants from Israel and its occupied territories, but was assassinated in a revenge killing in October of 2001.

Answer:  Rehavam ZE'EVI


BONUS 11
Name these metamorphic rocks. Ten points each.

A. Formed by the metamorphism of shale, it cleaves into thin sheets, making it useful for roofing and blackboards.

Answer:  SLATE

B. Metamorphosed limestone or dolomite, impurities in it can cause it to be yellow, red, grey, blue, or green. It has been used for architectural purposes since ancient times.

Answer:  MARBLE

C. The result of metamorphism of many igneous and sedimentary rocks, it is characterized by alternating dark and light bands composed of different minerals.

Answer:  GNEISS [pronounced "nice"]


BONUS 12
Answer these unrelated questions for 10 points each.

A. If you head west out of Banff National Park on the Trans-Canada Highway, you cross into British Columbia and immediately enter what other national park?

Answer:  YOHO National Park

B. Sumerian mythology attributes this invention to Enlil, the god of agriculture. What is this common garden tool, precursor to the plow, that liberated (?) mankind from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle?

Answer:  HOE

C. Complete the line from the pirate song in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island:
"Fifteen men on the dead man's chest; Yo-ho-ho, and ..."

Answer:  a BOTTLE OF RUM


BONUS 13
[[[ HAND OUT BONUS 13, showing three flags ]]]

Josh Parsons, a philosopher at the University of St. Andrews, has caused a bit of an international stir by posting a web page that assigns letter grades to the world's flags according to their aesthetic value. Canada's merited an A minus. For 10 points each, identify the country or colony associated with each of these low-rated flags. You have 15 seconds.

Answers: 
1. GUATEMALA
2. FALKLAND ISLANDS  or  the FALKLANDS
3. MOZAMBIQUE


BONUS 14
Name these Canadian highways. Ten points each.

A. Beginning at Portage La Prairie, Manitoba, and passing through Saskatoon, Edmonton, Jasper, and Prince George to Prince Rupert, B.C., it forms a northerly alternative to the Trans-Canada Highway.

Answer:  YELLOWHEAD Highway or Route,  -or-  Highway 16

B. Opened in 1979, it was Canada's first all-weather road to cross the Arctic Circle, connecting Dawson City, Yukon, with the Mackenzie Delta.

Answer:  DEMPSTER Highway

C. Raised on a Cree reserve in northern Manitoba, this playwright is best known for his works set on the fictional Wasaychigan Hill Indian Reserve, The Rez Sisters and Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing ["cap-us-CAY-sing"].

Answer:  TOMSON HIGHWAY


BONUS 15
Name the Canadians associated with these political slogans. Ten points each.

A. In 1911, he declared "No truck nor trade with the Yankees" in leading the Conservative opposition to Laurier's Reciprocity treaty.

Answer:  Robert BORDEN

B. In 1944, with the slogan "Humanity First", this Baptist preacher won an election to lead North America's first self-declared socialist government, in Saskatchewan.

Answer:  Tommy Clement DOUGLAS

C. In 2002, he invented the phrase "axis of evil" while working for a foreign head of state.

Answer:  David FRUM


BONUS 16
Shots ring out offstage at high points in some of Anton Chekhov's plays. For 10 points each, name the play from a description of the shooting.

A. After hearing Professor Serebryakov's plan to sell the estate, the title character shoots at the professor, but misses.

Answer:  UNCLE VANYA (or DYADYA VANYA)

B. In a pistol duel, Captain Solyony kills Baron Tuzenbach, the fiancé of Irina Prozorov.

Answer:  THREE SISTERS (or TRI SESTRY)

C. Konstantin Trepliov begins to achieve literary success but kills himself when Nina Zarechnaya rejects him once more.

Answer:  The SEAGULL (or CHAIKA)


BONUS 17
In the race to succeed Jean Chrétien, the former Finance Minister Paul Martin has competition from some current federal cabinet ministers with tough-sounding surnames. Their leadership campaign contributions were divulged last week. For 10 points each, name:

A. The recipient of the most leadership campaign funds of anyone currently in the cabinet — more than twice as much as any in-cabinet rival.

Answer:  Allan ROCK

B. Paul Martin's successor as finance minister, who is second in the cabinet in leadership fund-raising.

Answer:  John MANLEY

C. The third-place cabinet minister in leadership campaign funds, who ended up third behind Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin in the 1990 Liberal leadership race.

Answer:  Sheila COPPS


BONUS 18
For 10 points apiece, name the largest island separated by each of these straits from the Canadian mainland.

A. Strait of Canso

Answer:  CAPE BRETON Island

B. Hudson Strait

Answer:  BAFFIN Island

C. Queen Charlotte Strait

Answer:  VANCOUVER Island (northern part)


BONUS 19
Answer these questions about quarks, the subnucleonic particles, for 10 points each.

A. How many varieties, or "flavours", of quarks are there?

Answer:  6

B. Both answers required: what are the two flavours of quarks from which protons and neutrons are made?

Answer:  UP, DOWN

C. A neutron consists of one Up quark and two Down quarks. A proton consists of two Up quarks and one Down quark. Given that a proton has a charge of positive 1, what is the charge on an Up quark?

Answer:  +2/3 (two-thirds)

(A Down quark has charge -1/3)


BONUS 20
On July 9, 2002, Standard & Poor's decided that its S & P 500 index should contain shares of U.S.-based companies only. As a result, the index no longer includes Royal Dutch, Unilever, and five Canadian corporations. For 10 points each, name any three of the yanked Canadian firms. One is a NASDAQ-listed telecommunications equipment manufacturer, and the others are New York Stock Exchange listed mining companies, two involved in gold and two involved in other metals. You have 15 seconds.

Answers: 
NORTEL Networks Corporation
BARRICK Gold Corporation
PLACER DOME Incorporated
ALCAN Incorporated
INCO Limited


BONUS 21
Note this list: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Syria. In response to last September's terrorist atrocities, the United States government last month began to require fingerprinting of all visitors who are nationals of these five countries.

A. For 10 points, all or nothing, of the 19 hijackers on September 11, how many belonged to each of those five nationalities?

Answers: 
Iran: 0
Iraq: 0
Libya: 0
Sudan: 0
Syria: 0
(accept simply "NONE" given once)

B. The 19 hijackers were nationals of four different countries. Name the countries for 5 points each.

Answers: 
Kingdom of SAUDI ARABIA,
Arab Republic of EGYPT,
United Arab Emirates,
Republic of LEBANON


BONUS 22
Given the description of the setting of a play by William Shakespeare, name the play. Ten points each.

A. "The first act in Venice; during the rest of the play at a seaport in Cyprus."

Answer:  OTHELLO, the Moor of Venice

B. "Athens, and a wood not far from it."

Answer:  A MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM

C. "Sometimes in Sicilia; sometimes in Bohemia."

Answer:  The WINTER'S TALE


Appendix

BONUS 1
Here are the words of the parts of the songs that were played.

A. die Internationale:
Wacht auf, Verdammte dieser Erde, Arise you damned of the earth,
die stets man noch zum Hungern zwingt! you prisoners of starvation!
Das Recht wie Glut im Kraterherde the right like a volcanic glow
nun mit Macht zum Durchbruch dringt. is about to erupt with force.

B. Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott, or A Mighty Fortress is our God:
Ein gute Wehr und Waffen; A good defense and weapon:
Er hilft uns frei aus aller Not, He helps us free out of all need [trouble],
Die uns itzt hat betroffen. Which us presently has struck.

C. Horst-Wessel Lied:
Die Strasse frei dem Sturmabteilungsmann The street free for the Storm Troopers.
Es schau'n auf's Hackenkreuz voll Hoffnung schon Millionen Millions, full of hope, look up at the swastika;
Der Tag für Freiheit und für Brot bricht an The day breaks for freedom and for bread.


BONUS 8
Here are the words of Jerusalem that were played on the tape:

And did those feet in ancient time
Walk upon England's mountains green?
And was the Holy Lamb of God
On England's pleasant pastures seen?


Vancouver Estival Trivia Open, 2002, FARSIDE team