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Technophobia 2000!

Tossups by UC Irvine (Willie Chen, Jun Tokeshi, Ian Nieves, Mat Kladney, and Doug Hill)

1. In contrast to the sonata, which was written to be played by an instrument, it was written to be sung and had two main styles: da chiesa [key-AY-sa] and da camera. Developed in Italy in the 17th century, this musical form relied more on solo vocalists and instruments than on large choruses. Not quite as long as an oratorio, it extended the motet by telling a larger Biblical story. J.S. Bach wrote over 200 of them, one for every Sunday service. For 10 points--identify this musical form, whose secular version included one for Peasant and another for Coffee.

answer: _cantata_

2. In the final moments of the work, the title character commits suicide by ripping apart his stomach, but he is saved and sewn back together, only to be tried, found guilty by the English colonists, and dismembered. Written as a firsthand account of an incidence in the New World, this early novella begins with the disclaimer: "I do not pretend, in giving you the history of this Royal Slave, to entertain my reader with adventures of a feigned hero." For 10 points--identify this pioneering 1688 work by Aphra Behn.

answer: _Oroonoko_: or, the Royal Slave

3. This island and its neighboring mainland coast were home to the Ta-pen-keng culture, known for its distinctive, decorated pottery. Home to three of the four subfamilies of Austronesian languages, this island may have been the springboard of the Austronesian expansion that brought Asians to islands from Easter Island to Madagascar. For 10 points--identify this island, whose major dialects include Hakka and Amoy and whose official language is Mandarin.

answer: _Taiwan_

4. It consists of four different colors of dye, a laser, and a computer. Each kind of dye is chemically attached to a specific kind of nucleotide. The laser then reads the color of the dye, which in turn is downloaded to a computer. The computer then decodes each color into the corresponding nucleotide. For 10 points--what is this revolutionary biotech machine that recognizes patterns in a given strand of DNA?

answer: _Hood_ DNA _Sequencer_

5. The last major battle fought in this town occurred in 1761. It saw an Afghan-Hindu army defeating the Mahrattas. Two previous battles at the same site were part of the Moghul struggle for dominance. In 1526, the first battle opened the way for the Moghul dynasty. The second battle, fought in 1556, confirmed Akbar as emperor. For 10 points--what is this town 75 miles north of Delhi, India?

answer: _Panipat_

6. Like Galileo, he postulated that the moon possessed mountains and valleys. Like Thomas Paine, he was a Deist, speculating that an omniscient intelligence, or Nous [NO-us], permeated the Universe and was responsible for order and first causes in nature. He was charged with impiety for stating that that the sun is an enormous red-hot stone somewhat larger than the Peloponnesus. For 10 points--identify this freethinking philosopher and friend of Perikles.

answer: _Anaxagoras_

7. Its name originated from the leaves of the taro plant, which was extended to any dish containing such leaves. Today, the term is applied to a dinner at which is served dishes like marinated raw salmon, mashed taro root, baked sweet potatoes, and pork covered in ti leaves. For 10 points--dancing and singing accompany the eating of lomi-lomi, poi and an entire pig baked in an underground oven at what Hawaiian banquet?

answer: _luau_

8. In this movie, the main character and his wife are played by the real-life couple Geoffrey Rush and Jane Menelaus. Set in an insane asylum after the French Revolution, the film features Joaquin Phoenix as a humane abbé and Kate Winslet as a sympathetic laundress. The central character is obsessed with telling and writing erotic stories, which cause quite a storm inside the asylum. For 10 points-- what is this upcoming movie about the real-life pornographic raconteur, Marquis de Sade?

answer: _Quills_

9. The magicians Penn and Teller first met one another at a performance by this man, who has appeared on NOVA and the Tonight Show. The author of books such as Flim-Flam and The Faith Healers, he was a founding fellow of CSICOP, the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. For 10 points--name this arch-nemesis of Uri Geller who will pay $1 million for a convincing demonstration of psychic abilities.

answer: James _Randi_

10. A familiar Shakespearean example of this figure of speech is Marc Antony's speech in Julius Caesar where he asks of his audience, "Lend me your ears." Using this specific type of metaphor, one might also say "I'm studying Shakespeare," when one is in fact studying Shakespeare's works, or that "the White House denied the Monica Lewinsky affair," as the White House is closely related--but not physically attached to the President. Not to be confused with synecdoche [si-NEK-duh-key]--for 10 points--identify this literary device, whose name is Greek for "change of name."

answer: _metonymy_

11. Related to chiaroscuro, this painting technique generates atmospheric effects, especially when painting facial features, requiring the artist to make subtle gradations of light and shadow without using lines or borders. Often used by Leonardo da Vinci and his followers--for 10 points--what is this technique of fine, soft shading, whose name comes from the Latin for "smoke?"

answer: _sfumato_

12. Her 1992 historical novel, The Living, is set in the Pacific Northwest. She recounted her writing experience in the nonfiction book, The Writing Life, and has also published a book of poetry, Tickets for a Prayer Wheel. Her best-selling work is the 1987 memoir, An American Childhood. For 10 points--name this writer who drew upon her life in Virginia's Roanoke Valley in her 1974 Pulitzer Prize-winning nonfiction, Pilgrim at Tinker Creek.

answer: Annie _Dillard_

13. This was the site of a battle circa 1479 BCE where the Egyptians, under Pharaoh Thutmose III, defeated a league of Canaanite cities. Fighting under Pharaoh Necho in 608 BCE, the Egyptians won another victory here, this time against the Assyrians, in which Assyrian ally King Josiah of Judah was also killed. But this place may be most famous for a battle that never happened. For 10 points-- identify this site, whose alternate name, Armageddon, was used by John of Patmos to describe a mythic battle between good and evil.

answer: _Megiddo_ (prompt on: Armageddon before mentioned)

14. Designed for portability, this European delicacy was cooked, then sun-dried, then packed into bags of sheep stomach. To eat, the dried portions were reconstituted with boiling water. The Szkely [SHET-kuh-lee] variety includes pork, sauerkraut, tomatoes, onions, caraway seeds, and sour cream. The Kettle variety includes lard-fried mutton or beef, plus garlic, tomatoes, green peppers, and potatoes. The modern recipes call for the addition of paprika. For 10 points--what is this food of Magyar shepherds, the traditional stew of Hungary?

answer: _goulash_

[Do not accept "haggis." No food in Scottish cuisine is required to be "sun-dried."]

15. Trained in astronomy and calendar making, he believed that history was a didactic subject and that it should teach moral lessons and reveal a society's values. He also believed that Heaven mandated each dynasty with a wise first ruler, but withdrew the mandate after an inevitable increase of corruption and injustice. Sentenced to be castrated for defending a general, For 10 points--identify this Grand Historian of the Han Dynasty, who explained his theory of dynastic decline in Shih Chi, or Historical Record.

answer: _Ssu-ma_ Chien (or _Sima_ Qian)

16. This seven-volume work offers an account of ancient European religions, including the Celtic and Germanic deities. It was also one of the earliest books on military strategy, and it caused a sensation in Rome when Julius Caesar first published it in 52 BCE. For 10 points--identify this book that recounts Caesar's long struggle against the army of Vercingetorix during his conquest of Gaul.

answer: _De Bello Gallico_ or _On the Gallic War_ (accept: The _Gallic War_s)

17. When, in an opium-induced state, he confessed his desire to create ballets to Sergei Diaghilev, Diaghilev urged him to "Surprise me," which he did in such experimental works as The Ox on the Roof, with music by Darius Milhaud, and Parade, with music by Erik Satie. His novels include Les enfants terribles and The Infernal Machine, but--for 10 points--what Parisian avant-garde is best remembered for two surrealistic films: Beauty and the Beast and Orpheus?

answer: Jean _Cocteau_

18. Two answers are acceptable: When the father of King Midas first stepped into Phrygia, he was merely a farmer. However, the townspeople were looking for a king who--an oracle had said--would arrive in a wagon. Then, he tied the wagon to the oracle's temple. Legends said whoever could untie it would become King of Asia. Alexander the Great tried it, failed, then chopped it with his sword. For 10 points--identify either the prophesied king or his namesake knot.

answer: King _Gordus_ or the _Gordian_ Knot

19. This poem mentions Ecbatan, Persia, Kermanshah, Baghdad, Palmyra, Lebanon, Crete, Sicily, Spain, and Africa. In the third line, the word "always" becomes a noun, reinforcing the theme of night's encroaching shadow across the globe. The poem ends with the lines "And here face downward in the sun? To feel how swift how secretly? The shadow of the night comes on . . . " For 10 points--what is this highly anthologized 1930 poem by Archibald MacLeish, whose title is an apostrophe to the poet of "To His Coy Mistress"?

answer: _You, Andrew Marvell_

20. Appropriately dubbed "Hell" by the late astronomer Carl Sagan, it exhibits enormous surface pressure and a surface temperature which can exceed the melting point of lead. Its atmosphere goes through periods of super-rotation, in which the atmosphere rotates faster than the planet itself. For 10 points--identify this planet with yellow tropospheric clouds composed of sulfuric acid, much in contrast to its namesake Roman goddess of beauty.

answer: _Venus_