1. Tossup: Technology

Which corporation is headed by John W. Thompson? Started in 1982, it has grown by taking over all or parts of 24 other companies and is now the global leader in information security. Name this company that owns the Norton brand.




Bonus (Four Parts)

Answer these questions about the history of instant messaging:

A. Which Israeli company developed the first instant messaging technology in the mid-1990s?

B. What cute three-letter name did they give this technology?

C. Which company bought out the Israeli company in 1998? This company also developed its own instant messenger and dominated the market in this technology.

D. This company, acquired by Comverse in 2002, made it easier for people to use a variety of instant messaging platforms. Conspiracy theorists claim that two employees of this company, which had  office in the World Trade Center and Israel, received warnings two hours before the 9/11 attacks.


A. Mirabilis     B. ICQ     C. AOL (or America Online)     D. Odigo


2. Tossup: Astronomy

Which region of space is named after a Dutch astronomer who spent much of his career working for the University of Chicago? While the Oort Cloud is believed to be the reservoir for long-period comets, this region is the reservoir for short-period comets. Name this region of our solar system beyond Neptune and Pluto.


Kuiper Belt


Bonus (Four Parts)

Answer these questions about meteors:

A. A meteor still in space is a meteoroid. What term is applied to what is left of meteors once they are on the ground?

B-D. Name in any order the three meteor showers which are usually the brightest of the year. They typically take place around August 12, October 21, and December 13.


A. Meteorite     B.-D. Perseids, Orionids, and Leonid


3. Tossup: Religion

What begins by stating that everything is meaningless and ends by stating that God will bring every deed into judgement? It also states that wisdom brightens a man’s face and that with much wisdom comes much sorrow. This Old Testament book advises to cast your bread upon the waters and to remember your creator while you are young. Its most famous quote may be, “There is a time for everything, and a season for every activity under heaven.”




Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these Protestant denominations:

A. Created in England by Henry VIII in 1534

B. Originally known as the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, it switched to its current name in 1931

C. This movement began in England in 1738. It joined with The Evangelical United Brethren Church in 1968.

D. Name applied to an evangelical religious movement that started in early twentieth century America. The same name applies to the Jewish Feast of Weeks.


A. Episcopalian     B. Jehovah’s Witnesses     C. Methodist     D. Pentecost(al)


4. Tossup: Ancient Literature

(Note to moderator: Deiphobus is pronounced Dee-if’-o-buse) Whose most famous brother was Deiphobus? He was tricked by Athena, who pretended to be his brother even though she sided with Achilles. Name this husband of Andromache and son of Priam who killed Patroclus.




Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these ancient Romans:

A. Spent the last several years of his life writing The Aeneid

B. Known mainly as a satirist, he wrote most of his works just after 100 AD and had an obvious hatred of Emperor Domitian

C. His most famous work is a collection of myths concerned with miraculous transformations. He spent the last ten years of his life exiled to Tomis.

D. Influenced by Sappho, he wrote “On the Death of Lesbia's Sparrow.”


A. Vergil     B. Juvenal     C. Ovid     D. Catullus


5. Tossup: Sports

In 1995, he was offered $1.5 million to go straight from high school to professional baseball, but he decided to go to Stanford instead. He eventually pitched a total of four innings in the major leagues, giving up eleven earned runs. During 2002, he played for the Dallas Cowboys, starting nine games at quarterback. Name this athlete who was picked up during the middle of this past season by the Chicago Bears.


(Chad) Hutchinson


Bonus (Four Parts)

Andres Nocioni and Jannero Pargo are each 25 years old. Name the four players for the Chicago Bulls who are older than 25.


(Antonio) Davis, (Adrian) Griffin, (Othella) Harrington, and (Eric) Piatkowski


6. Tossup: General Math

What is the current age of Larry? Larry is currently five times older than Michael. In twelve years, Larry will be twice as old as Michael.




Bonus (Four Parts)

Convert the following decimals to fully reduced fractions:

A. 0.075

B. 0.625

C. 0.0416, with the 6 repeating

D. 0.73, with the 3 repeating


A. 3/40     B. 5/8     C. 1/24     D. 11/15


7. Tossup: Health

What single general classification includes the diseases Scleroderma, Ulcerative colitis, Pernicious anemia, Grave's Disease, Crohn's Disease, Multiple sclerosis, Rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus? These types of diseases, which are generally more common in women than men, result when the body attacks itself.


Autoimmunity (or Autoimmune)


Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these terms used in association with stem cells:

A. Ability of a single stem cell to develop into many different cell types of the body

B. The observation that stem cells from one tissue may be able to turn into cells of another tissue

C. Term beginning with the letter S used to describe adult stem cells. In general, this term is used to differentiate specialized cells from germ cells.

D. Common name for disease often associated with stem cell research caused by a loss of dopamine in the brain


A. Pluripotency     B. Transdifferentiation     C. Somatic     D. Parkinson's


8. Tossup: American History

Which Senator felt so strongly about the Compromise of 1850 that, less than a month before dying, he had himself carried into the Senate Chamber so that his speech could be read? Name this man who in 1832 resigned the Vice Presidency so that he could support Nullification as a Senator from South Carolina.


(John) Calhoun


Bonus (Four Parts)

Answer these questions about American Vice Presidents:

A. The first two Vice Presidents later became President but not the third. Who was the third Vice President?

B. Two Vice Presidents died in Illinois, one in 1914 and the other in 1951. Name either one.

C. Name the only Vice President born in Washington, DC. His father was a Senator.

D. Which Vice President died one week before the Election of 1912? His name was left on the ballot, but he and Taft finished in third place.


A. (Aaron) Burr     B. (Adlai E.) Stevenson or (Charles G.) Dawes     C. (Al) Gore(, Jr)     D. (James S.) Sherman


9. Tossup: American Literature

Which novel mentions the fictional book Why Do You Think You Think? That book was written by Doctor Floyd Ferris, who opposes John Galt. Name this novel about the government’s role in industry written by Ayn Rand.


Atlas Shrugged


Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these films based on works by Philip K. Dick:

A. 2003 movie starring Ben Affleck as Michael Jennings

B. 2002 movie starring Tom Cruise as Detective John Anderton

C. 1990 movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger based on the story “We Can Remember It For You Wholesale”

D. 1982 movie starring Harrison Ford based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?


A. Paycheck     B. Minority Report     C. Total Recall     D. Blade Runner


10. Tossup: Music

Born in Argentina in 1942, this musician originally gained fame as a pianist. He started devoting most of his time to conducting during the 1960s, and he served as musical director of the Orchestre de Paris from 1975 to 1989. Name this man who is the General Music Director of the Deutsche Staatsoper Berlin and Chicago Symphony Orchestra.


(Daniel) Barenboim


Bonus (Four Parts)

Given a musical work or opera, name the Russian composer:

A. 1812 Overture

B. The Rite of Spring

C. Prince Igor

D. Night on Bald Mountain


A. (Pyotr Ilyich) Tchaikovsky     B. (Igor) Stravinsky     C. (Alexander) Borodin

D. (Modest) Mussorgsky


11. Tossup: Trigonometry

What is the cotangent of the arcsine of 7/8?


(Root 15)/7


Bonus (Four Parts)

Find the following values if theta equals the arcsine of three-fifths. Give answers in simple radical form:

A. Secant of Theta

B. Sine of Two Theta

C. Sine of Half Theta

D. Cotangent of Two Theta


A. 5/4 (or 1.25)     B. 24/25 (or 0.96)     C. Root 10 Over 10     D. 7/24


12. Tossup: Chemistry

For whom is the cgs measurement of electric dipole moment named after? He created a model for the internal energy of a crystal, and the maximum temperature for a crystal’s normal mode of vibration is also named after him. Name this 1936 Nobel Prize winner who was also known for his work with X-ray diffraction.


(Peter) Debye


Bonus (Five Parts)

Identify these poisonous metals:

A. Often found in cookware, it is linked to Alzheimer’s and osteoporosis

B. It can lead to a variety of symptoms such as cancer or confusion, and it might have caused the death of Napoleon

C. This element is used in some vaccines, and some people blame it for causing autism. Though that link is very speculative, there is no doubt that too much of this substance can be a serious health problem.

D. It is linked to hyperactivity, learning disabilities, decreased coordination, and anemia

E. This metal, which always occurs in combination with zinc, is sometimes found in food and is found in higher concentrations in smokers. It accumulates in the kidneys.


A. Aluminum     B. Arsenic     C. Mercury     D. Lead     E. Cadmium


13. Tossup: History

Who began his career in 1809 serving under his brother and then served under Stephen Decatur during the War of 1812? Name this man whose fame rests largely on an appearance he made on July 8th, 1853. His show of force led to the 1854 signing of the Treaty of Kanagawa, which opened up Japan to the United States and other Western nations.


(Commodore Matthew) Perry


Bonus (Four Parts)

The suffix -hito is added on to prestigious Japanese names. In any order, name the last four emperors of Japan, who have ruled since 1867. Use the names that include the suffix -hito.


Mutsuhito, Yoshihito, (Michinomiya) Hirohito, (Tsugu) Akihito


14. Tossup: British Literature

His second volume of poetry, published in 1922, was titled Last Poems. After his death in 1936, his brother compiled his later poems into two volumes titled More Poems and Additional Poems. Name this poet whose first collection, A Shropshire Lad, contains With Rue My Heart Is Laden, Loveliest of Trees, When I Was One-And-Twenty, and To An Athlete Dying Young.


(A.E.) Housman


Bonus (Four Parts)

Given the name of a poem, name the British poet. All of the poets died during the nineteenth century:

A. Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey

B. Ozymandias

C. The Pobble Who Has No Toes

D. A Poison Tree


A. (William) Wordsworth     B. (Percy Bysshe) Shelley     C. (Edward) Lear

D. (William) Blake


15. Tossup: Miscellaneous

(Note to moderator: Notice that ‘Geek’ is used instead of ‘Greek’.)Who responded to the question "Is there a God?", with the reply, "If there is, all evidence indicates that He hates me"? His voice appears in the films Hair High and Olive, the Other Reindeer, and it also can be heard in the episode “My Big Fat Geek Wedding”. Name this graduate of Evergreen State College whose sons are named Homer and Abe.


(Matt) Groening


Bonus (Five Parts)

According to America: The Book presented by The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, what were the Five Interesting Moments in Senate History?


(Note to moderator: Be lenient) The Burning of the Capitol (during the War of 1812), The Caning of Senator Charles Sumner (by Preston Brooks in 1856), Arrival of Senator Mr. Smith (played by Jimmy Stewart in 1939), Army-McCarthy Hearings Begin (in 1954, accept any mention of McCarthy), and Strom Thurmond Filibuster (in 1957, accept civil rights filibuster)


16. Tossup: History

It contained at least ninety public articles and fifty-six secret articles, and it was revoked 87 years after it was written. Upon hearing of some of its provisions, Pope Clement the Eighth said, “This crucifies me.” Name this document issued by a King who had been a Protestant in order to end the French Wars of Religion.


Edict of Nantes


Bonus (Four Parts)

Name these French ministers:

A. Known before 1606 as Baron de Rosny, he restored French prosperity at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He resigned his job after the assassination of Henry IV.

B. Born Armand Jean du Plessis, he served as chief minister of state to Louis XIII. He used a blockade to get the Huguenots to surrender and got France involved in the Thirty Years’ War.

C. French Premier under Louis XIV, he was temporarily driven from power in 1651 and died in 1661

D. This financial wizard developed French industry, but he was unable to pay for Louis XIV’s wars without raising taxes. He was very unpopular when he died in 1683.


A. (Maximilien de Béthune, duc de) Sully     B. Richelieu     C. Mazarin

D. (Jean-Baptiste) Colbert


17. Tossup: Art

Which famous artist was born in 1844 in Pennsylvania? Strongly influenced by Degas, this painter and printmaker lived in Paris after 1874. Name this painter of The Toreador, Afternoon Tea Party, The Bath, and a few paintings titled Mother and Child.


(Mary) Cassatt


Bonus (Five Parts)

Answer these questions about the Sistine chapel ceiling.

A. How many main panels are there?

B. What is God separating in the first panel?

C. Who is the primary subject of the last three panels?

D. Name any one of the four prophets whose portraits surround the panels

E. There are also three women whose portraits surround the panels. What general title is used for these female prophets?


A. 9     B. Light and Dark (not Day and Night)     C. Noah

D. Ezekiel, Joel, Jonah, or Zechariah     E. Sibyl(s)


18. Tossup: Physics

A circuit has two resistors in parallel. If one of the resistors is three-and-one-third ohms and the total resistance is two ohms, what is the resistance of the other resistor?


5 Ohms


Bonus (Five Parts)

Identify these physicists who are or were pictured on currency:

A. Appearing on the Danish 500 Kroner note, he had several famous debates with Einstein about quantum mechanics.

B. Appearing on the Danish 100 Kroner note, he discovered that electric current deflects a compass needle

C. Appearing on the New Zealand 100 dollar note, his experiments fundamentally changed atomic models

D. Appearing on the Italian 10,000 Lire note, he constructed the first chemical battery

E. Appearing on the Italian 2000 Lire note, he built the first successful radios


A. (Niels) Bohr     B. (Hans) Orsted     C. (Ernest) Rutherford     D. (Allesandro) Volta

E. (Guglielmo) Marconi


19. Tossup: World Literature

In 1952, the same year that Beckett wrote Waiting for Godot, who wrote a play about an old couple expecting visitors who never come? This playwright’s career started in 1950 with a play illuminating breakdowns in communication titled The Bald Soprano. In 1960, he completed a play about an individual in a conformist society in which people turn into rhinoceroses.


(Eugene) Ionesco


Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these plays by Henrik Ibsen. Give your answers in English:

A. Features a power struggle between the Stockmann brothers, one of whom is a mayor

B. The title character has just returned home from her honeymoon with Jürgen Tesman

C. Two of the main characters are Jakob Engstrand and Pastor Manders

D. Play about a very ambitious man named Halvard Solness


A. (An) Enemy of the People     B. Hedda Gabler     C. Ghosts     D. (The) Master Builder


20. Tossup: Advanced Mathematics

What is the sum of the infinite series 0/(0!) + 1/(1!) + 2/(2!) + 3/(3!), etcetera?




Bonus (Three Parts)

Find the area under the graph y=1/x from x=1 to x=4 using three intervals and the following approximation methods. Give all answers as simplified improper fractions:

A. Right Rectangles

B. Midpoint Rectangles

C. Trapezoids


A. 13/12      B. 142/105     C. 35/24


21. Tossup: Language Arts

This English word comes from Roman mythology. Specifically, it refers to the personified deity of crossroads, who had three faces and whose name referred to the meeting of three roads. One theory is that this word came into its current common English use because of the unimportant conversations often heard at crossroads. Name this word which refers to unimportant matters. Some people associate this word with Scholastic Bowl.




Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these characters or things from Greek mythology. Each answer will be an English word.

A. The beginning of creation

B. Nymph punished by Hera for talking too much

C. Serpent killed by Apollo

D. Son of Iapetus and Clymene who led the Titans in a fight against Zeus


A. Chaos     B. Echo     C. Python     D. Atlas


22. Tossup: Chemistry

What five-letter word refers to a milky fluid used to make rubber? It can also be used for emulsions commonly added to adhesives and paints. The rubber is commonly used to make balloons or medical gloves.




Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these steroids and supplements:

A. Give the three-letter acronym for the designer steroid often linked with BALCO. BALCO has been accused of supplying illegal drugs to several prominent track and field athletes and some baseball players.

B. Give the three-letter acronym for the hormone manufactured in the kidneys which has been taken illegally by several endurance athletes.

C. What herb, also known as Ma Huang, is sometimes combined with caffeine to act like an amphetamine? It can lead to heat stroke and dehydration.

D. Give the five-letter prefix for the steroid precursor which was taken legally by Mark McGwire. This prefix is often used to refer to men.


A. THG     B. EPO     C. Ephedra (prompt on Ephedrine)     D. Andro


23. Tossup: Geometry

Two of the interior angles in a polygon measure 150 degrees, and the rest measure 170 degrees. How many 170 degree angles does the polygon have?




Bonus (Four Parts)

Answer the following questions. The first two concern a pentagon with three right angles and two 135 degree angles with the two 135 degree angles not adjacent to each other.

A. One of the right angles is adjacent to both of the 135 degree angles. If the two sides adjacent to that right angle are each of length one and the other three sides are all the same length, then what is the length of each of the other three sides?

B. If the side connecting two right angles and the two sides adjacent to it are each of length one, then how far apart are the 135 degree angles?

C. For this part, consider a pentagon with three right angles and two 135 degree angles such that the 135 degree angles are adjacent. If each of the sides connecting two right angles are of length two, and each of the sides connecting a right angle and a 135 degree angle is of length one, then how long is the side between the two 135 degree angles?

D. If a pentagon has three 135 degree angles and one right angle, then how many degrees is the other angle?


A. Root 2     B. 1     C. Root 2     D. 45 (Degrees)


24. Tossup: Biology

What nine-letter word beginning with the letter C usually refers to an erythrocyte or a leukocyte? It is defined as an unattached body cell, such as a blood or lymph cell. It can also refer to a mass of cells, such as a pressure receptor on certain nerve endings.




Bonus (Four Parts)

The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine went to Richard Axel and Linda Buck, who researched the sense of smell. Answer these questions related to their work:

A. What name do scientists use for the system specifically responsible for our sense of smell?

B. What is the module in the brain called that receives input from the neurons responsible for smell? The same term is used for a tiny ball-shaped structure inside a kidney nephron.

C. What name is given to the cartilage and bone that separates your two nostrils?

D. What membrane contains mucus and cilia that dissolve odorant molecules?


A. Olfactory     B. Glomerulus     C. (Nasal) Septum

D. (Olfactory or Nasal) Epithelium


25. Tossup: Miscellaneous

Name the tourist attraction built in 1892 and updated in 1921 to encourage settlement and prove the richness of the local soil. The building is adorned by new murals created each year by local artists. It is the biggest tourist attraction in Mitchell, South Dakota.


(The World’s Only) Corn Palace (accept Corn Belt Exposition)


Bonus (Four Parts)

Answer the following questions about amusement parks:

A. In which suburb is Six Flags Great America?

B. Which town in Florida contains Disney World? The answer is neither Orlando nor Celebration.

C. Which amusement park in Sandusky, Ohio has the biggest roller coaster in the world?

D. What is the name of the amusement park owned by Paramount near Cincinnati?


A. Gurnee     B. Lake Buena Vista     C. Cedar Point

D. (Paramount’s) Kings Island (prompt PKI)


26. Tossup: Current Events

Who studied mathematics at the University of Chicago and used to head the Petra Bank in Jordan? He no longer goes to Jordan because of a conviction in absentia. In 1995, he organized an uprising which was called off by the CIA at the last second, leading to the deaths of many members of the Iraqi National Congress. Name this Iraqi who some people believe has given United States secrets to Iran.


(Ahmad) Chalabi


Bonus (Four Parts)

Answer the following questions about the oil-for-food scandal involving the United Nations and Iraq:

A. Whose son Kojo is often mentioned regarding the scandal?

B. Who is in charge of the primary investigation of the scandal?

C. Which UN official from Cyprus oversaw the program?

D. The official in Part C supposedly solicited millions of barrels of oil for which company? The acronym is acceptable.


A. (Kofi) Annan     B. (Paul) Volcker     C. (Benon) Sevan

D. African Middle East Petroleum (or AMEP)


27. Tossup: Architecture

What can be found at 5757 South Woodlawn Avenue in Chicago? Named after the wealthy bicycle and motorcycle manufacturer it was built for, the house was completed in 1909. Name this example of Prairie School Architecture designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.


(Frederick C.) Robie (House)


Bonus (Five Parts)

Given a building designed by the late Philip Johnson, name the state it is in:

A. The Glass House

B. The Crystal Cathedral

C. AT&T Building also known as The Chippendale Skyscraper

D. Pennzoil Place

E. PPG Headquarters


A. Connecticut     B. California     C. New York     D. Texas     E. Pennsylvania


28. Tossup: Math Terminology

Your answer should not begin with the letter F. What term is used in mathematics to describe sets in which every space is open? These sets are countable, though they can be infinite. The mathematics involved has applications to computer science, combinatorics, logic, and set theory. Give this term, in some ways the opposite of continuous, which begins with the letter D.




Bonus (Four Parts)

Identify these mathematicians based on their contribution to topology:

A. In 1736, he wrote a paper on the Königsberg bridge problem, and he later developed the formula v-e+f=2

B. In the late nineteenth century, he introduced the concept of the first derived set, or set of limit points, of a set. He also introduced the idea of an open set.

C. These brothers developed the calculus of variations

D. In 1895, this Frenchman developed the concepts of connectivity, homology, and homotopy. He conjectured that any closed 3-dimensional manifold which is homotopy equivalent to the 3-sphere must be the 3-sphere.


A. (Leonhard) Euler     B. (Georg) Cantor     C. (Jacob and Johann) Bernoulli

D. (Jules Henri) Poincaré


29. Tossup: Geography

Which nation used to be the smallest Soviet Republic? Now an independent nation, it has fought over possession of Nagorno-Karabakh with Azerbaijan. Name this nation which also shares a border with Georgia, Iran, and Turkey.




Bonus (Five Parts)

Name the five mainland African nations that have a coast on the Indian Ocean. Do not include Djibouti, which borders the Gulf of Aden.


Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania


30. Tossup: Literature

Who is described as someone who misleads night wanderers, laughing at their harm? He says of himself, “I am that merry wanderer of the night, I jest to Oberon, and make him smile.” Oberon tells him to fetch a magic flower and press the juice on Titania while she sleeps. Name this mischievous sprite from Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream.


Puck (accept Robin Goodfellow)


Bonus (Four Parts)

Given the Shakespeare quote, name the play:

A. Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none.

B. Be not afraid of greatness. Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon 'em.

C. If you prick us do we not bleed? If you tickle us do we not laugh? If you poison us do we not die? And if you wrong us, shall we not revenge?

D. Neither a borrower nor a lender be; For loan oft loses both itself and friend.


A. All’s Well That Ends Well     B. Twelfth Night     C. The Merchant of Venice

D. Hamlet


Extra Tossups:

Who wrote Life’s Handicap, Traffics and Discoveries, Debits and Credits, and The Light That Failed? This 1907 Nobel Prize Winner nicknamed the ‘poet of empire’ is better known for writing Barrack-Room Ballads, Kim, and The Jungle Book.


(Rudyard) Kipling


Find the two angles between 0 and 360 degrees for which ‘the square root of three’ minus ‘the sine of theta’ is equal to ‘the sine of theta’.


60 (Degrees) and 120 (Degrees)


Who wrote Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat Drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes? Many of his later poems, written around 1760, focused on Celtic and Norse themes. Name this author of An Elegy Wrote in a Country Churchyard.


(Thomas) Gray