TOSSUP #1 World Literature

Which epic character died by blowing so hard on his horn that his temples burst? This warrior was betrayed by his stepfather Ganelon while fighting for Charlemagne. Name this title character from a work composed about nine hundred years ago.

ANSWER: Roland

BONUS (Four Parts)

Name these characters from Goethe’s Faust:

A. The devil

B. Faust’s first love

C. Ideal woman whom Faust marries

D. Faust’s son

A. Mephistopheles     B. Gretchen     C. Helen(a of Troy)     D. Euphorion

TOSSUP #2 Biology

What is the longest single nerve in the human body? It connects the spinal cord with leg and foot muscles. It is often associated with pain caused by pressure on the lower spine but felt in the legs.

ANSWER: Sciatic (Nerve) (do not accept Sciatica)

BONUS (Four Parts)

Identify these parts found in and around your mouth:

A. Name for the upper jaw bone

B. These are classified as palatine, lingual, and pharyngeal

C. That little dangling thing at the back of the soft palate

D. Located below the mouth, this is the only bone in the body not connected to another bone

A. Maxilla     B. Tonsil(s)     C. Uvula     D. Hyoid (Bone)

TOSSUP #3 Algebra (Thirty Seconds)

Give the x- and y-coordinates of the leftmost point of the graph for the following set of parametric equations: x=t2+4t+1  and  y=3-t. T can equal any real number.

ANSWER: (-3,5)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Given a pair of parametric equations, name the shape formed. Give a one-word name and be especially careful with the first one:

A. x = 2t2-6t+4, y = t2-3t+5

B. x = 5 cosine t, y = 8 sine t

C. x = cosecant t, y = cotangent t

D. x = 1/t, y = t


A. Ray     B. Ellipse     C. Hyperbola     D. Hyperbola


TOSSUP #4 Music

Whose 2002 album includes sonatas written by Debussy, Poulenc, and Saint-Saens? This violinist made headlines after being invited to play with the New York Philharmonic in 1982. Often accompanied by Robert McDonald, she was born in Osaka in 1971.


ANSWER: Midori (accept Setsu)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Identify these stringed instruments:

A. A primitive small harp popular in ancient times

B. Instrument similar to a piano in which the strings are struck by brass pins instead of felt hammers

C. Plucking instrument which is laid flat for playing

D. Largest of the four common bowed instruments


A. Lyre     B. Clavichord     C. Zither     D. Double Bass (do not accept Bass)


TOSSUP #5 American History

Which event is commemorated by a plaque that reads, "A decade of strife between labor and industry culminated here in a confrontation that resulted in the tragic death of both workers and policemen. On May 4, 1886, spectators at a labor rally had gathered around the mouth of Crane's Alley. A contingent of police approaching on Des Plaines Street were met by a bomb thrown from just south of the alley. The resultant trial of eight activists gained worldwide attention for the labor movement, and initiated the tradition of May Day labor rallies in many cities." The plaque was dedicated by Mayor Daley.


ANSWER: Haymarket (Riot or Tragedy)

BONUS (Four Parts)

Given the abbreviation for an AFL-CIO union, state what the abbreviation stands for:






A. International Brotherhood of Teamsters   B. Service Employees International Union

C. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees

D. International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers


TOSSUP #6 World Literature

Before Boccaccio, this character’s name began with a B. Boccaccio spelled it with a G, and writers since Chaucer have used a C. Her father, a priest, left her behind when he fled Troy. According to one critic, Chaucer portrayed her as “a grave, sober, considerate personage,” but Shakespeare portrayed her as, “a giddy girl, an unpracticed jilt, who falls in love with Troilus.”


ANSWER: Cressida


BONUS (Four Parts)

Name these Trojans who appear in The Iliad:

A. The Founder and King of Troy

B. The seducer of Helen sometimes known as Alexander

C. Son of Anchises and Aphrodite who led the Dardanians

D. Old advisor who was the father of Archelochus, Laodocus, and Acamas


A. Priam     B. Paris     C. Aeneas     D. Antenor


TOSSUP #7 Chemistry

What is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid? Its chemical formula is C6H5CO2H. It is used to make antiseptics and food preservatives.


ANSWER: Benzoic (Acid) (accept Benzoate)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Give the names of the following ions. Pronounce carefully:

A. HCO32-

B. PO3-

C. NO3-

D. S2O32-


A. Carbonate     B. Phosphite     C. Nitrate     D. Thiosulfate

TOSSUP #8 Sports

Which quarterback made ten straight appearances in professional championship games—four in the AAFC and then six in the NFL? This Northwestern graduate had his successes with the Cleveland Browns. Name this man who died near the end of 2003.


ANSWER: (Otto) Graham


BONUS (Five Parts)

It may seem like an oxymoron, but name these Cubs greats:

A. As a pitcher, he won the Cubs first game and first home game, both in 1876. He proposed using sock colors to denote different teams and became famous for starting a sporting goods company that bore his name.

B. This third basemen was the team’s star from 1876 through 1898. His refusal to play with or against Blacks was a major reason for the segregation of Major League Baseball.

C. The best Cubs pitcher when they won back-to-back World Series in 1907 and 1908, his nickname was due to a farm accident he had at the age of seven.

D. In 1930, he set the Major League record by driving in 190 runs. In 1999, after a review of newspaper reports, his record was changed to 191 RBIs.

E. His first contract, with the Philadelphia Phillies, was voided because he was only fifteen when he signed it. When he started his Major League career with the Texas Rangers, he weighed only 150 pounds. He grew up in San Pedro de Macoris.


A. (Al) Spalding     B. (Adrian ‘Cap’) Anson     C. (Mordecai ‘Three Finger’) Brown

D. (Hack) Wilson     E. (Sammy) Sosa


TOSSUP #9 World History

What was built between 1929 and 1940? It was named after a man who served as a Minister of War and Minister of Veterans Affairs. Most of it was underground, and it housed thousands of soldiers who prepared for an attack which would eventually take them by surprise. Name this series of fortresses which stretched North to South across most of Europe and was nicknamed by some people ‘The Great Wall of France’.


ANSWER: Maginot (Line)


BONUS (Five Parts)

In 1894, a Jewish French Captain was accused of spying for the enemy in an affair that became an international controversy. Answer these questions about it:

A. What was the last name of the Captain?

B. What country was he accused of spying for?

C. To what location was the Captain given a life sentence?

D. Which author wrote an article titled J’Accuse supporting the Captain?

E. What was the last name of the Major who should have been found guilty?


A. Dreyfus     B. Germany     C. Devil’s Island     D. (Emile) Zola     E. Esterhazy

TOSSUP #10 Geometry (Thirty Seconds)

You can ignore units in this problem. Find the surface area of a cube if its great diagonal is of length x.




BONUS (Four Parts)

Find the following for a rhombus of side length x with interior angles of sixty degrees and one hundred twenty degrees:

A. Length of shorter diagonal

B. Length of longer diagonal

C. Height

D. Area


A. x     B. x Root 3   C. x Root 3 Over 2   D. x2 Root 3 Over 2    (accept equivalents)


TOSSUP #11 Language Arts

Which Arabic word refers to a high-ranking religious and/or political adviser to a sultan? Their role is often similar to the role of a Prime Minister who serves under a King.


ANSWER: (Grand) Vizier


BONUS (Four Parts)

Identify these noble titles:

A. The highest grade of nobility, this term is sometimes seen as a civilized equivalent of Warlord

B. Technically, this refers to somebody who owes military service and owns a horse. Recently, it seems like it refers to any famous Englishman.

C. The Persian word for King

D. Term from India referring to a King who rules numerous states


A. Duke     B. Knight     C. Shah     D. Maharajah


TOSSUP #12 Biochemistry

The answer is a nine-letter word. Too much of this substance in the body can result in kernicterus, which in turn can lead to athetoid cerebral palsy. Because newborn infants are more likely to have these problems, they usually have their blood levels monitored. Even without blood levels, its presence can be detected by jaundice, or yellowish skin. Name this waste product that is the chief component of bile.


ANSWER: Bilirubin

BONUS (Five Parts)

Given a drug, state what its purpose is. Use a five-letter abbreviation for the first answer and single words beginning with the letter A for the other answers:

A. Motrin

B. Zithromax

C. Tylenol

D. Alka-Seltzer

E. Xylocaine


A. NSAID     B. Antibiotic     C. Analgesic     D. Antacid     E. Anesthetic


TOSSUP #13 World History

Give the current name of the country that fought wars against British forces from 1839 to 1842, from 1878 to 1880, and during 1919. During the first war, the British temporarily ousted the leader Dost Mohammad. During the second war, the British established Dost Mohammad’s grandson as ruler. During the third war, this country won independence. Since the late 1970s, this country has experienced more war.


ANSWER: Afghanistan


BONUS (Four Parts)

Given a brief summary of a country’s independence, identify the country:

A. This country gained independence from South Africa in 1990.

B. This large country’s first constitution was written by Britain in 1867. It did not create its own constitution until 1982.

C. Taking up five-sixths of an island, this nation fought against the English for independence from 1919 to 1921. It was then a dominion until becoming an independent republic in 1949.

D. This Central American nation became self-governing in 1964, renamed itself in 1973, and gained full independence in 1981.


A. Namibia     B. Canada     C. Ireland     D. Belize


TOSSUP #14 British Literature

In which novel does William Dobbin remain loyal to his friend George Osborne even though George is the object of Amelia Sedley’s love? The primary friendship in the novel is between Amelia and Rebecca Sharp. Name this novel by William Makepeace Thackeray.


ANSWER: Vanity Fair


BONUS (Four Parts)

Identify these works by Sir Walter Scott:

A. 1805 romance in verse that was the first major success for Scott

B. 1814 prose novel whose title character falls in love with Rose Bradwardine. All of Scott’s historic novels were considered to be part of a series named after this novel.

C. Novel about a Scottish hero with the last name MacGregor who is similar to Robin Hood.

D. The title character is actually named Wilfred. Robin Hood is a character in the novel.


A. (The) Lay of the Last Minstrel     B. Waverley     C. Rob Roy     D. Ivanhoe


TOSSUP #15 Miscellaneous

Though commonly believed to have started in Chicago, they were actually first made in Seattle. A 1999 decision to manufacture them in Pennsylvania, however, did disappoint a lot of Chicagoans. Give the brand name of these confections that were for many years made on the thirteenth floor of the downtown Marshall Field’s store.


ANSWER: Frango (Mints or Chocolates)


BONUS (Four Parts)

First we lose Frangos, and now Fannie May. Identify these Fannie May chocolates:

A. Mint chocolates

B. Caramel, chocolate, and pecans

C. Coconut shell with a chocolate center

D. Popular assortments of small chocolates


A. (Mint) Meltaways     B. Pixies     C. Trinidads     D. Debutantes


TOSSUP #16 Pop Culture

Its was started with Andre and Wally B, and its first independent production was Luxo Jr. In 1989, it produced Knickknack and a commercial for Tropicana. Its breakout year, however, was 1995, when it raised $140 million as an IPO and hit the big screen in partnership with Disney. Name this company whose future releases include Cars and The Incredibles. All of its movies are created through computer animation.




BONUS (Five Parts)

Given the name of a character from Finding Nemo, state what kind of animal it is. ‘Fish’ is not an acceptable answer—be more specific when appropriate.

A. Nemo

B. Bruce

C. Bloat

D. Peach

E. Crush


A. Clownfish   B. (Great White) Shark   C. Pufferfish   D. Starfish   E. (Sea) Turtle (do not accept Tortoise)


TOSSUP #17 Calculus (Thirty Seconds)

Find the area of the finite region contained between the graphs of y=x10 and y=x.


ANSWER: 9/22


BONUS (Four Parts)

Evaluate the following double integrals of very simple functions:

A. The integral from 1 to 3 of the integral from 0 to 2 of dx dy

B. The integral from 0 to 5 of the integral from x to 10 of dy dx

C. The integral from 0 to 1 of the integral from y to y2 of dx dy

D. The integral from 0 to 5 of the integral from 2 to 8 of xy dx dy


A. 4   B. 37.5 (or 37 ½ or 75/2)   C. -1/6   D. 375


TOSSUP #18 Current Events

Which country recently had an art exhibit titled Snow White and the Madness of Truth? The exhibit made international news when it was vandalized by Zvi Mazel, the Israeli ambassador to the country, who objected to its glorification of suicide bombers. This country has also been investigating last year’s murder of Foreign Minister Anna Lindh.


ANSWER: Sweden


BONUS (Four Parts)

Answer these questions about Dr. Howard Dean:

A. Which medical school did he attend?

B. What is his wife’s maiden name that she still uses?

C. What is the address of his campaign website?

D. Whom did Dean go to church with the day before the Iowa caucus?


A. (Albert) Einstein     B. (Judy) Steinberg     C. (www.)deanforamerica(.com) (or     D.  (Jimmy) Carter


TOSSUP #19 Astronomy

Who moved to Saint Helena in 1676 in order to map out constellations in the Southern Hemisphere? He would later become a major supporter of Isaac Newton. He is best remembered for a prophecy he made about the year 1758, predicting when and where a particular object would be visible. This object would be named after him.


ANSWER: (Edmond) Halley


BONUS (Five Parts)

Last year was a big year for astronomy. Answer these questions about 2003:

A. Which space shuttle exploded on February 1?

B. Give the four-letter acronym for the space telescope that took pictures of what the universe looked like 400,000 years after the Big Bang.

C. Give the four-letter acronym for the ground-based astronomy program that gave further evidence of Dark Energy.

D. An infrared space telescope launched in August was renamed after which person in December?

E. Which planet made its closest approach to Earth in 60,000 years? Space agencies are taking advantage of this approach for exploration.


A. Columbia   B. WMAP   C. SDSS   D. Spitzer   E. Mars


TOSSUP #20 Math History

Which mathematician, born in 1736, was the youngest of eleven siblings and the only one to survive to adulthood? He developed formulas for the area of a triangle and volume of a tetrahedron given the coordinates of the vertices. He also developed the method of variation of parameters in the solution of nonhomogeneous linear differential equations, and the multipliers were named after him.


ANSWER: (Joseph-Louis) Lagrange


BONUS (Three Parts)

Identify these terms that are often associated with Sir Isaac Newton:

A. Nine-letter word meaning fundamental principles or ultimate origins

B. Seven-letter word meaning the act of flowing or the derivative of a mathematical function

C. Six-letter word referring to the science of light. Newton used seven letters to spell it.


A. Principia     B. Fluxion     C. Optics


TOSSUP #21 World Literature

Which 1842 novel’s protagonist buys the rights to pay taxes on serfs who have passed away since the last census? This character, Tchitchikov, then tries to use what seems like vast holdings to get the mortgage to a vast estate. Identify this novel by Nikolay Gogol.


ANSWER: Dead Souls (or Myortvye Dushi)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Given some primary characters, identify the Russian novel. Give your answers in English:

A. Bazarov, who is interested in science, and his friend Arkady

B. Prince Vasili is irresponsible, which is in contrast to Prince Bolkonsky

C. The character named in the title is a carpenter living in a labor camp

D. Written in blank verse but still viewed by some as a novel, the title character was the tsar of Russia from 1598 to 1605


A. Fathers and Sons     B. War and Peace     C. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich     D. Boris Godunov


TOSSUP #22 Physics (Thirty Seconds)

Giving your answer with only one significant digit, how many pascals of pressure are there at a depth of ten meters under water?


ANSWER: 100,000 (or 1 x 105 or 105)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Answer the following questions related to noise:

A. To one significant digit, what is the Mach number of an object moving at 1000 meters per second near the surface of the Earth?

B. How many decibels is a subway train that is one billion times louder than the threshold of hearing?

C. If a string has a frequency of 100 Hertz when its tension is set at 100 Newtons, what will its frequency become if the tension is doubled to 200 Newtons? Give your answer to the nearest whole number of Hertz.

D. What thirteen-letter word refers to sound persisting because of repeated reflections after the source has been cut off?


A. 3     B. 90     C. 141 (Hertz)     D. Reverberation


TOSSUP #23 Geography

This American city has a population near four hundred thousand. Its first population boom came in 1891 when gold was discovered at nearby Cripple Creek. It now is the home of the United States Olympic Committee. In 1942, Fort Carson was established, and it is now the home of NORAD and the Air Force Academy.


ANSWER: Colorado Springs(, Colorado)


BONUS (Five Parts)

Libya, which has been in the news a lot lately, is just West of Egypt. Name the other five countries that border Libya.


Algeria, Chad, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia   (not Algiers, Nigeria, or Tunis)


TOSSUP #24 Art

Though known as an American painter, who left the States during the Revolutionary War and spent the latter half of his life in England? While in England, he portrayed the deaths of several historical figures. While in America, he painted portraits of several men who would become known as Founding Fathers. Name this artist who painted Watson and the Shark.


ANSWER: (John Singleton) Copley


BONUS (Four Parts)

Given a description of some of their works, identify the Baroque painter:

A. Three large portraits of Saint Matthew for a church in Rome

B. Adoration of the Magi for the Antwerp Town Hall and two triptyches also in Antwerp

C. Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, The Fable of Arachne, Portrait of Juan de Pareja, Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV

D. Charles I in Three Positions, Cupid and Psyche, and Isabella Brant. Isabella Brant was the wife of the artist in Part B.


A. Caravaggio     B. (Peter Paul) Rubens     C. (Diego) Velazquez

D. (Anthony) Van Dyck


TOSSUP #25 Technology

They have one satellite named Rock and another named Roll, and their primary studio in Washington, DC is supplemented by studios in New York and Nashville. For ten dollars per month, you can receive one hundred commercial-free stations. Name this satellite radio whose slogan is “Beyond AM, beyond FM”.


ANSWER: XM (Satellite Radio)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Identify these large technology companies which are all headed by women:

A. Company formed by the 1996 spinoff of the AT&T technology unit, which had earlier merged with Bell Labs, which is a leader in Integrated Network Solutions

B. Nicknamed The Document Company, it was formed in 1906. In 1961, it changed its name to a word that it had earlier patented.

C. Named after the two Stanford graduates who started the company in 1939, it recently merged with Compaq.

D. Enron competitor headquartered in Atlanta. Recently, its stock has only slightly outperformed Enron’s.


A. Lucent   B. Xerox   C. Hewlett-Packard (accept HP)   D. Mirant

TOSSUP #26 Mathematics (Thirty Seconds)

If the letters from the word ‘CHEESE’ were placed in random order, what is the probability that both the first letter was a C and the last letter was an E?


ANSWER: 1/10 (or .1)


BONUS (Four Parts)

A box contains two red socks, one white sock, and one blue sock. If you pick two of them at the same time at random, find the probability of getting:

A. Two red socks

B. The white and blue socks

C. One red sock and the white sock

D. One red sock and one other sock


A. 1/6     B. 1/6     C. 1/3     D. 2/3


TOSSUP #27 American Literature

In the 1930s, Random House agreed to publish one work by this author each year. The books published included Portraits and Prayers, Lectures in America, The Geographical History of America, Picasso, and The World is Round. This American writer lived part of her youth in Austria and Paris, and some of her fame surrounds the circle of friends she had as an adult in Paris. When she died, she left everything to her friend and secretary Alice Toklas.


ANSWER: (Gertrude) Stein


BONUS (Four Parts)

Given the names of some of the poetry collections, name the Harlem Renaissance poet. HINT: None of them are Langston Hughes.

A. Color, Copper Sun, The Ballad of the Brown Girl

B. Cane

C. Songs of Jamaica, Constab Ballads, Harlem Shadows

D. God’s Trombones, Saint Peter Relates an Incident, and the song Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing


A. (Countee) Cullen     B. (Jean) Toomer     C. (Claude) McKay     D. (James Weldon) Johnson


TOSSUP #28 Physical Science

This quantity was first introduced in 1854 by Rudolph Clausius. It is supposed to equal Boltzmann’s constant times the natural log of the number of possible arrangements that molecules may assume. Many people consider it a measure of the amount of usable energy in a system. Name this quantity that always increases according to the Second Law of Thermodynamics.


ANSWER: Entropy


BONUS (Four Parts)

Identify these polysaccharides:

A. The primary chemical in plant cell walls, this was used to make the first plastic

B. Commonly formed in the liver from glucose

C. Class of white powders that can be transformed into glucose by plants and animals for energy

D. Yellow powder that combines with water to form adhesives


A. Cellulose (not Celluloid)     B. Glycogen     C. Starch     D. Dextrin


TOSSUP #29 Music

Which nineteenth century composer was inspired by Virgil’s account of the fall of Troy, Shakespeare’s works Romeo and Juliet and Much Ado About Nothing, and Goethe’s Faust? Name this Frenchman whose first major work was Symphonie Fantastique.


ANSWER: (Hector) Berlioz


BONUS (Five Parts)

Identify Beethoven’s Symphonies from a description. Use a number one through nine.

A. Because the fourth movement uses a chorus, this is known as the Chorale Symphony.

B. The second movement of this symphony is officially labeled Allegretto, but it is sometimes known as the Death March

C. The only symphony with officially named movements, the symphony as a whole is called the Pastoral.

D. Most people believe that this was originally titled the Napoleon Symphony but that Beethoven changed that in anger after Napoleon declared himself Emperor.

E. Three quick G’s and a long E Flat


A. 9     B. 7     C. 6     D. 3     E. 5   (accept ordinal numbers)


TOSSUP #30 World History

Give your answer in English. It was written near the end of the first century AD and was translated into English by Thomas North in 1579. Beginning with Theseus and Romulus, it portrays the virtues and vices of Greeks and Romans. Name this work by Plutarch.


ANSWER: Parallel Lives (of Noble Grecians and Romans)


BONUS (Four Parts)

Given the years of rule, name the Roman Emperor:

A. 14-37

B. 117-138

C. 284-305

D. 306-337


A. Tiberius     B. Hadrian     C. Diocletian     D. Constantine


Extra Questions:

Which emperor led the Romans to victories over the Parthians in defense of Armenia and over Barbarians in the Marcomannic Wars? He succeeded his father-in-law Antoninus Pius as emperor and was known for his Stoic writings. He was a Roman emperor from 161 to 180 AD.


ANSWER: (Marcus) Aurelius (Antoninus)


Other than Mercury, which five chemical elements were named after planets? In three cases, the names are similar, but not identical, to the names of the planets as we know them. The two exceptions are Element 15, which is named after the Greek term for Venus, and Element 52, which is named after the Latin term for Earth.


Neptunium, Phosphorus, Plutonium, Tellurium, Uranium (any order)


Solve the system of equations: 2x+3y=16 and 4x-y=18.


ANSWER: (5,2)


Name these periods in the life and work of Pablo Picasso. None of the answers involve Cubism or Surrealism:

A. Lasting from 1901 to 1904, much of the works involved hopeless members of the working class

B. Lasting from 1905 to 1906, much of the works used pink and were not as depressing

C. Starting in 1907, this period included a fascination with African carvings

D. Lasting from 1918 to 1925, this period included ballet costume designs and some old-fashioned paintings


A. Blue   B. Rose   C. Negro   D. Classic(al)