1998 Cardinal Classic

Tossups written by Stanford B

Tossup 1

This right-to-left associative C operator has different meanings when written before or after a variable. It is frequently used in for-loops, and it inspired the name of a new programming language. For 10 points, name this operator, which increments a quantity by 1.

ANSWER: plus plus ( accept any reasonable description of ++ )

Tossup 2

It has the chemical formula C5O2NSH11, and is one of the two amino acids containing sulfur. The sulfur atom, however, is bonded to two carbons, so it is unable to form disulfide bridges, in contrast to cysteine. For 10 points, name this amino acid, coded for by the codon AUG, which signals the start of translation.

ANSWER: methionine

Tossup 3

At Radcliffe College she studied psychology with William James. After further study at Johns Hopkins medical school, she went to Paris, where she set up her salon at Rue de Fleurus. FTP name this author of "Three Lives" and "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas".

ANSWER: Gertrude Stein

Tossup 4

In Roman times, this city was important as a commercial way linking Ravenna, Altino, and Acquileia. Later it would become the center of the Serenissima and also gain fame for Murano glass blowing. For 10 points, name this Italian city known for its gondolas.

ANSWER: Venice

Tossup 5

Though they were created in 1918 by Chester J. Lampwick, they were plagiarized by Roger Meyers, Sr and made into a TV success. For 10 points, name the stars of "The Sound of Silencers" and "Little Barber Shop of Horrors" -- a cat and mouse duo, adored by the children of Springfield for gratuitous displays of violence.

ANSWER: Itchy & Scratchy

Tossup 6

This composer first won international acclaim with his "Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge". His work "Peter Grimes" put him in the forefront of 20th century operatic composers. FTP, name this British composer of "Billy Budd", and "Death in Venice".

ANSWER: Benjamin Britten

Tossup 7

Born in 1936 in Hungary, he left for the U.S. after the Soviet occupation of Budapest. He edged out Ian Wilmut, Charles Feeney, Alan Greenspan, and Princess Diana to be named "Time" Magazine's 1997 Man of the Year. For 10 points, name this chairman and CEO of Intel Corporation.

ANSWER: Andrew Grove

Tossup 8

Born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in what is now Macedonia, she founded a missionary order in 1948. In 1965 her order became a pontifical congregation. For 10 points, name this woman, who received the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize, and who died in 1997 in Calcutta at the age of 87.

ANSWER: Mother Theresa

Tossup 9

This quantity is zero for a conservative vector field. It is a scalar in two dimensions, but a vector in three dimensions, where it is defined as del cross F. For 10 points, name this mathematical entity, related to the line integral in a vector field by Stokesís theorem.

ANSWER: curl

Tossup 10

Originally intended to deal with the effects of Wagner's music on a young bourgeois, it was published in 1900 with the subtitle "Decline of a Family". Thomas, Christian, and Johann, Sr. are member of the titular family. For 10 points name this first novel by Thomas Mann.

ANSWER: Buddenbrooks

Tossup 11

An exemplary mechanism of active transport, it allows the cell to maintain its resting membrane potential. The protein involved is unusual because it has two substrates, which are pumped in opposite directions in unequal amounts. For 10 points, what is this important cellular mechanism, named after elements number 11 and 19?

ANSWER: sodium-potassium pump OR sodium-potassium ATPase

Tossup 12

At age 10 he was designated successor to the throne and held a rank of captain in the military. He assumed the throne in 1279 B.C. after the death of his father, Seti I. His reign was the second longest of any Egyptian ruler. For 10 points, name this New Kingdom Pharaoh, known for his military exploits over the Hittites and his erection of Abu Simbel.

ANSWER: Ramses II

Tossup 13

Popularly referred to as "teacher" in his native Swahili, he led his country to independence in 1961 where he implemented a special brand of African socialism. For 10 points name this great African statesman and former Tanzanian president currently mediating in the civil conflict in Rwanda.

ANSWER: Julius Nyerere

Tossup 14

This country's major bodies of water include the Maranon River, the Ucayall River, and Lake Junin (hu-NEEN). It contains parts of the Amazon jungle, Andes mountains, and Atacama desert. For 10 points, name this country which contains both the ancient Incan capital of Cuzco and its current capital Lima.

ANSWER: Peru

Tossup 15

He got his first accordion at age 7 from his parents, who promptly enrolled him in the Famous Zamour Academy of Music. This would serve him well on his album "Polka Party." For 10 points, name this musician, whose parodies include "Yoda" and "Amish Paradise," and who starred in "UHF."

ANSWER: "Weird Al" Yankovic

Tossup 16

He first appeared on stage at age eight in a clog-dancing act. When he was 17, his older half brother found him a place in a vaudeville troupe with which he remained until 1913. In 1919, with D.W. Griffith, Mary Pickford, and Douglass Fairbanks he formed United Artists. For 10 points name this star of The Kid and City Lights.

ANSWER: Charlie Chaplin

Tossup 17

While in exile for slandering a former lover, he abducted a 16 year old girl whom he soon married. He had numerous affairs, mostly with married women. He was also an immensely productive author, writing over 1,800 plays in his lifetime. For 10 points, name this dramatist of the 16th and 17th centuries, nicknamed "The Phoenix of Spain."

ANSWER: Lope de Vega

Tossup 18

He managed the Washington Senators from 1969 to 1972, but he is better known as an outfielder for the Boston Red Sox. Although he took time off from his baseball career to fight in WWII, he compiled 521 career home runs and won the Triple Crown twice. For 10 points, name this last player to reach the .400 plateau.

ANSWER: Ted Williams

Tossup 19

The origin of this term is found in Acts 8:9-25, when a sorcerer tries to buy spiritual powers from Peter. This practice was vigorously attacked by Gregory VII and eventually disappeared. For 10 points, give this term for the purchase or sale of ecclesiastical offices or pardons, named after Simon Magus.

ANSWER: simony

Tossup 20

Its melting point is 402 C and its boiling point is 907 C. When not oxidized, its coordination compounds are colorless because all its d orbitals are filled. For 10 points, name this common transition metal, atomic number 30, and a component of brass.

ANSWER: zinc

Tossup 21

In response to the "Unam Sanctam", he sent a minister to threaten Boniface VIII, and later managed to move the Papacy to Avignon. When he needed money for wars against Flanders, he seized the property of the Jews and the Knights Templar. For 10 points, name this French king from 1285 to 1314.

ANSWER: Philip IV or Philip the Fair

Tossup 22

This member of the Bloomsbury Group has published critical writings, but his greatest achievement was in biography. He asked Virginia Woolf to marry him, and was greatly relieved when she refused. FTP, name this author of "Queen Victoria" and "Eminent Victorians".

ANSWER: Lytton Strachey

Tossup 23

Discovered by Bernard de Montfaucon, it is 70 meters long and 49.5 centimeters wide. On the top and bottom are depicted various fables and figures of animals. For 10 points, name this 11th century woven item, which depicts scenes from William of Normandy's conquest of England.

ANSWER: Bayeaux Tapestry

Tossup 24

Looking like a long, hollow cylinder, this instrument is about 3 inches in diameter and from 4 to 6 feet long. It is a simple aerophone woodwind which uses the players lips as the reed and produces a low drone. For 10 points, name this traditional aboriginal instrument.

ANSWER: didgeridoo

 

Tossup 25

After a long-lasting and ruthless dictatorship, during which he plundered his country and deposited billions into his personal Swiss account, he was forced into exile by a rebel uprising. He sought asylum in Morocco, but died of cancer in 1997. Name this president of Zaire from 1965 to 1997.

ANSWER: Mobutu Sese Seko Koko Ngbendu Wa Za Banga

OR Joseph Mobutu

Tossup 26

In Advanced Dungeons and Dragons, this race receives plus one to dexterity, minus one to constitution, a plus one bonus to hit with swords and bows, and improved chances to find secret doors. For 10 points, name this fantasy race which also makes toys for Santa.

ANSWER: elves OR elf

 

Tossup 27

Born in Germany in 1864, this famous sociologist's system was based upon the meaning individuals ascribed to their actions. He opposed Marxism and wrote about the role of bureaucracy, science and politics as vocations. For 10 points, name this author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

ANSWER: Max Weber

Tossup 28

Although present in Buddhism and Jainism, it is probably most associated with Hinduism where it is considered one of the four great aims of life. Literally, it means the right, a law or custom. For 10 points, what is this concept of universal moral law?

ANSWER: dharma

Tossup 29

Also a chiropractor and Pepperdine Universityís water polo coach, he is better known, however, for his Olympic career. The U.S. boycott prevented him from competing in the 1980 Olympics, but he got his chance in 1984. For 10 points, name this only 4-time U.S. water polo team member.

ANSWER: Terry Schroeder

Tossup 30

He had six children, two of them named after himself and his wife. He was a president of the U.S. for 7 years, 5 months, and 18 days, and was the first U.S. president to travel to a foreign country. For 10 points, name this New York native and the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize recipient.

ANSWER: Theodore Roosevelt

Tossup 31

Developed in the seven years since the Gulf War, this weapon will likely be used against Iraq if the tactical strike occurs. Already in the hands of local U.S. commanders, this type of missile was designed specifically to destroy underground targets. For 10 points, give its two-word nickname.

ANSWER: "bunker-buster"

(READER: do not accept "Colt 45" -- itís a different weapon)

Tossup 32

One of the most widespread images in Southwestern U.S. rock art, this mythical figure's name comes from the Hopi for wood-hump. He is considered a symbol of fertility who also brought success in agriculture and hunting. For 10 points, name this hunch-backed flute player, a prominent figure in Hopi and Zuni legends.

ANSWER: Kokopelli

 

1998 Cardinal Classic

Bonus Questions by Stanford B

 

*Bonus 1

30-20-10, identify the language.

(30) It shares its alphabet as well as quite a few words with English. Many words are also formed by joining several common English words.

(20) It was introduced by Eric Arthur Blair in 1949.

(10) This fictional language was spoken by the citizens of Oceania.

ANSWER: Newspeak

Bonus 2

Give the last king of each dynasty in the specified country for 10 points each.

1. Valois dynasty in France

2. Hapsburg dynasty in Spain

3. Capetian dynasty in France

ANSWER: 1. Henry III

2. Charles II or Charles the Mad

3. Charles IV or Charles the Fair or Charles the Bald

Bonus 3

Name the following types of complex matrices, for 10 points each.

1. These are equal to their conjugate transpose.

2. These have orthonormal columns.

3. These commute with their conjugate transpose.

ANSWER: 1. Hermitian

2. Unitary

3. normal

Bonus 4

Answer the following Super Bowl trivia.

1. Denverís victory this January broke AFCís loosing streak. For 10 points, name the last AFC team to win the Super Bowl before Denver?

2. Denver also became the second ever wild-card team to win the Super Bowl. For 10 points, name the first.

3. Name the two remaining NFL teams with four Super Bowl appearances and no victories, for 5 points each.

ANSWER: 1. Oakland Raiders

2. Oakland Raiders

3. Buffalo Bills and Minnesota Vikings

Bonus 5

Odin was the head of the Norse pantheon. For 10 points each, what was the name of Odin's:

1. 8-legged horse?

2. spear?

3. ring?

ANSWER: 1. sleipner

2. gungnir

3. draupner

Bonus 6

Give the common name of each molecule described, 5-10-15.

1. A benzene ring with a vinyl group substituted for a hydrogen.

2. Molecular formula C3H4, non-planar, two double bonds in the 3-carbon backbone.

3. Two interlocking 5- and 6-carbon rings connected by a conjugated carbon chain to a 6-carbon ring. Several substituted side groups.

ANSWER: 1. styrene

2. allene

3. vitamin D

Bonus 7

Answer the following related questions, 5-10-15.

1. Who got hit by a pie in Brussels on his way to deliver a speech on February 4, 1998?

2. What Belgian prankster and anarchist claimed responsibility for the incident?

3. What is the Belgian nickname of Noel Godin, a French translation of "The Pieman".

ANSWER: 1. William Gates

2. Noel Godin

3. Líentarteur (accept entarteur)

Bonus 8

Given a company or product whose commercials aired during this Super Bowl, for 5 points each state the formal name of the taxonomic class of each non-human animal that appeared in any of their commercials.

(READER: DO INFORM THE TEAM HOW MANY ANSWERS THEY NEED TO GIVE)

1. Tabasco 1 answer

2. Pepsi 2 answers

3. Budweiser 3 answers

ANSWER: 1. Insecta

2. Aves, Insecta

3. Reptilia, Amphibia, Mammalia

(READER: accept Insects, Reptiles, Mammals, Amphibians with obvious discomfort. Do not accept Birds.)

Bonus 9

FTP each name these 20th century philosophers from works.

  1. Being and Time
  2. Madness in Civilization, Discipline and Punish
  3. A Theory of Justice

ANSWER: 1. Martin Heidegger

    1. Michel Foucault
    2. John Rawls

Bonus 10

For 5 points each and 5 more for all correct, name the five countries which border Ethiopia.

ANSWER: Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya

Bonus 11

Identify type of plant cells from description, 10 points each.

1. These are the least specialized and most generic plant cells. They are characterized by thin and flexible cell wall.

2. These cells provide support for growing parts of the plant without restraining growth. They have unevenly thickened cell walls.

3. These cells are tough and rigid, occurring in regions where plant growth has already stopped. Fibers are one type of these cells.

ANSWER: 1. parenchyma

2. collenchyma

3. sclerenchyma

Bonus 12

Identify the following characters in Plato's Symposium for 10 points each:

1. This famous Athenian philosopher argues that love of the form of beauty is the highest type of love.

2. This famous Athenian playwright also delivers a speech on love in which he claims that there were originally three sexes.

3. After Socrates finishes his speech, this Athenian statesman, who would later betray Athens in the Peloponnesian War, bursts into the party drunk and delivers a somewhat comical caricature of Socrates.

ANSWER: 1. Socrates

2. Aristophanes

3. Alcibiades

Bonus 13

Answer the following questions about Christian's adversaries in Pilgrim's Progress for 10 points each:

1. What is the name of the demon whom Christian fights in the Valley of Humiliation?

2. What is the name of the giant who captures Christian and Faithful and imprisons them in Doubting Castle?

3. What is the name of giant Despair's wife?

ANSWER: 1. Apollyon

2. Despair

3. Diffidence

 

Bonus 14

Identify each Russian military commander from description, 5-10-15.

1. Canonized by the Russian church in 1547, he repelled the German and Swedish invasion of Russia, decisively defeating the Germans in the 1242 "massacre on the ice."

2. He repelled Napoleonís invasion of Russia in 1812 and was the chief commander at Borodino.

3. Possibly the best Russian military commander ever, he achieved the rank of generalissimo for his enormous successes in the Russo-Turkish war and the French Revolutionary wars.

ANSWER: 1. Saint Alexander Nevsky or Alexandr Nevsky

2. Prince Mikhail Kutuzov

3. Graf Alexandr Suvorov

Bonus 15

Identify the following about ballet for 10 points each.

1. The position with the right foot in front with toes pointing right, right heel touching left toes, left foot behind with toes pointing left and slightly forward.

2. A circular movement of the leg, accomplished either with the toe on the floor or with the working leg raised.

3. A slide in which the weight is transferred from two feet to one, or from one to another.

ANSWER: 1. Fifth position

2. Rond de Jambe

3. Chasse (pronounced shah-say)

Bonus 16

For 10 points each, name the painter given the painting.

1. "Anthropomorphic Tower."

2. "Sunday Afternoon on the Island of the Grande Jatte."

3. "The Death of Marat."

ANSWER: 1. Salvador Dali

2. Georges Seurat

3. Jacques-Louis David

Bonus 17

Name the man, 30-20-10.

(30) He was the editor of "Pravda" for a brief time before 1913 and later in 1917.

(20) His daughter Svetlana emigrated from USSR after his death, and her memoirs detail much of his private life.

(10) Born in Georgia in 1879, his original name is Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili.

ANSWER: Joseph Stalin (accept Dzhugashvili until last clue)

Bonus 18

Identify film from quotes, 30-20-10.

(30) "I hate Illinois Nazis."

(20) "Our Lady of Blessed Acceleration, don't fail us now!"

(10) "They're not gonna catch us. We're on a mission from God!"

ANSWER: The Blues Brothers

Bonus 19

Given a pair of albums, name the artist or group which made them for 10 points each.

1. "So" and "Us"

2. "Violator" and "Songs of Faith and Devotion"

3. "Lincoln" and "John Henry"

ANSWER: 1. Peter Gabriel

2. Depeche Mode

3. They Might Be Giants

Bonus 20

In Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, the fellowship of the ring contained four hobbits. Frodo Baggins was of course one of them, but for 10 points each name the other three.

ANSWER: Sam Gamgee (OR Samwise) ; Meriadoc (OR Merry) ; Peregrin (OR Pippin). (order irrelevant)

Bonus 21

For 5 points each and a bonus 5 for all correct, name the countries with which each of the following leaders is associated:

1. Chandika Kumaratunga

2. Mesut Yilmaz

3. Mahathir Mohamed

ANSWER: 1. Sri Lanka

2. Turkey

3. Malaysia

 

Bonus 22

FTP each identify the authors of the following short stories.

  1. Dr. Heideggerís Experiment
  2. The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky
  3. Big Two-Hearted River

ANSWER: 1. Nathaniel Hawthorne

    1. Stephen Crane
    2. Ernest Hemingway

 

Bonus 23

Name the capital given a Baltic state, 10 points each.

(READER: HOLD THE ANSWERS UNTIL THE END OF THE BONUS)

1. Estonia

2. Latvia

3. Lithuania

ANSWER: 1. Tallinn

2. Riga

3. Vilnius

Bonus 24

While the Internet is wonderful for exchanging information, it can also lead to trouble. Answer the following related questions for 10 points each:

1. Recently, an east coast university has sued several companies for selling what over the Internet?

2. Name the university which filed the lawsuit, and also won a similar case 26 years ago, prompting the passage of the state law.

3. How many companies are targets of the lawsuit? You will get 10 points for an exact answer, and 5 points if you are within one.

ANSWER: 1. term papers (accept similar answers)

2. Boston University

3. eight (give 5 points for seven or nine)

 

Bonus 25

After Ted Turner's $1 billion gift to the UN, another billionaire announced that he would pump a large chunk of his personal fortune into a former Soviet republic.

1. For 5 points, name the recipient country.

2. For 10 points, name the Hungarian-born philanthropist.

3. For 15 points, within $1 million, give the amount of money he pledged.

ANSWER: 1. Russia

2. George Soros

3. $500 million

Bonus 26

Name the six types of quarks. You will get 10 points for four correct, 20 for five, and 30 for all six, and no points for three or less.

ANSWER: top, bottom, up, down, strange, charm

(Accept truth and beauty for top and bottom)

 

Bonus 27

Name this past seasonís six NFL division champions. You will get 10 points for four correct, 20 for five, 30 for all six, and no points for three or less.

ANSWER: Green Bay Packers, San Francisco 49ers, New York Giants, Pittsburgh Steelers, Kansas City Chiefs, New England Patriots

Bonus 28

"Chelsea Clintonís freshman notebook" is a humorous but offensive book recently published by Hyperion. Answer these questions about it.

1. For 5 points, which world leader sends Chelsea a gift certificate to a liquor store?

2. For 10 points, finish the sentence written on the back cover: "If lost, please return to _____________".

3. For 15 points, which Republican does Chelsea wish to use as a barbecue dish to feed many homeless people?

ANSWER: 1. Boris Yeltsin

2. 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue

3. Rush Limbaugh

 

Extras (Do NOT use)

 

Identify each college or university given the punch line of a lightbulb joke about them and their yearly tuition, 5-10-15.

(Tuition figures from U.S. News)

(5) One, dude!

$21,300

(10) A whole frat, but only one of them is sober enough to get the bulb out of the socket.

$22,179

(15) Who cares? The frisbee glows in the dark!

$21,885

ANSWER: 1. Stanford

2. Duke

3. Carleton

Name the man, 30-20-10.

(30) He lived from 1798 to 1857, and his writings and theories were greatly influenced by events surrounding the French revoluion.

(20) He taught at Ecole Polytechnique and divided humanityís intellectual development into three stages. He wrote his most important work in the 1830s and 1840s.

(10) He developed the theory of Positivism and is considered to be the father of sociology.

ANSWER: Auguste Comte

Answer the following about Zorastrianism for 10 points each.

1. What is the name of the principal good deity?

2. What is the name of the principal evil deity?

3. What name is given to the collection of Zoroastrian religious texts?

ANSWER: 1. Ahura Mazda OR Spenta Mainyu

2. Ahriman OR Angra Mainyu

3. Avesta

Name the object, 30-20-10.

(30) The money for building it came from the sale of military equipment left over after the lifting of a siege.

(20) Designed by Chares of Lindos, it took 12 years to build and stood at over 100 feet tall for 56 years.

(10) Toppled by an earthquake around 226 BC, it was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world.

ANSWER: Colossus of Rhodes